Herpes zoster is caused by the reactivation of the varicella-zoster virus (VZV) and usually appears many years after primary infection (varicella), induced by immunosuppression due to underlying diseases. Few epidemiological data in Italy are available concerning Herpes zoster, mainly because disease notification is not mandatory. An observational perspective trial was conducted for 12 months by 41 Italian general practitioners belonging to the Netaudit network to determine herpes zoster incidence and its correlation to patients' characteristics (age, gender, educational qualification, co-morbidities), the delay from correct diagnosis to the start of treatment and different drug prescription. In all, the study involved 193 patients with herpes zoster: this population included mostly female (60.6%) and elderly subjects (59.6%) with a mean age of 60.4 years. 46.1% of patients presented underlying diseases (diabetes 13%, solid tumours 5.7%). Correct diagnosis was achieved after a mean delay of 49 hours while therapy was started within 48 hours in most cases (75.1%). Aciclovir (51%) and valaciclovir (24%) were the most commonly used drugs. A significant correlation between educational level and prompt treatment suggests the major role of education in primary health prevention campaigns.

Herpes zoster in general medicine: experience of the Italian group Netaudit

CONTI, Michela;CAZZADORI, Angelo Antonio;CONCIA, Ercole
2011-01-01

Abstract

Herpes zoster is caused by the reactivation of the varicella-zoster virus (VZV) and usually appears many years after primary infection (varicella), induced by immunosuppression due to underlying diseases. Few epidemiological data in Italy are available concerning Herpes zoster, mainly because disease notification is not mandatory. An observational perspective trial was conducted for 12 months by 41 Italian general practitioners belonging to the Netaudit network to determine herpes zoster incidence and its correlation to patients' characteristics (age, gender, educational qualification, co-morbidities), the delay from correct diagnosis to the start of treatment and different drug prescription. In all, the study involved 193 patients with herpes zoster: this population included mostly female (60.6%) and elderly subjects (59.6%) with a mean age of 60.4 years. 46.1% of patients presented underlying diseases (diabetes 13%, solid tumours 5.7%). Correct diagnosis was achieved after a mean delay of 49 hours while therapy was started within 48 hours in most cases (75.1%). Aciclovir (51%) and valaciclovir (24%) were the most commonly used drugs. A significant correlation between educational level and prompt treatment suggests the major role of education in primary health prevention campaigns.
Herpes zoster; epidemiological data; Italy
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/358210
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