OBJECT: The work is aimed to develop a murine model of rectal cancer, which could be used to monitor lymph node metastasis development by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and optical imaging (OI) techniques. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Ht-29 cancer cells were directly injected into the submucosal layer of the rectum of athymic nude mice using trans-anal rectal cancer cell injection (TARCI). Thirty-six mice were inoculated with 10×10(5) cells and five mice were treated with sterile phosphate buffer solution. One to 4 weeks after cell injection, tumor growth was evaluated in vivo using T2-weighted MRI at 4.7T. A further group of animal (n=6) treated with ht-29_luc cells, with the same protocol, was monitored by optical imaging. In both groups, the presence of the primary tumor and of lymph nodes metastasis was confirmed by histology. RESULTS: In all animals, primary tumors were detectable by MRI, 1 week from TARCI. After 4 weeks primary tumors showed a mean longitudinal diameter of about 2cm. All animals developed regional lymph node metastases. Others organs (e.g. lung or liver) were not affected. In fat-suppressed, T2-weighted MRI, lymph nodes appeared as small areas characterized by hyper-intense signal compared to muscle. OI permitted evaluation of the primary tumor growth in perineal region. CONCLUSIONS: TARCI of ht-29 cells into the rectum of nude mice is a feasible way to obtain a easily reproducible model of regional lymph node metastases could be monitored by magnetic resonance and optical imaging techniques.

A new model of rectal cancer with regional lymph node metastasis allowing in vivo evaluation by imaging biomarkers.

MINICOZZI, Annamaria;CONTI, GIAMAICA;MARZOLA, Pasquina;BOSCHI, Federico;CALDERAN, Laura;SBARBATI, Andrea;CORDIANO, Claudio
2011-01-01

Abstract

OBJECT: The work is aimed to develop a murine model of rectal cancer, which could be used to monitor lymph node metastasis development by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and optical imaging (OI) techniques. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Ht-29 cancer cells were directly injected into the submucosal layer of the rectum of athymic nude mice using trans-anal rectal cancer cell injection (TARCI). Thirty-six mice were inoculated with 10×10(5) cells and five mice were treated with sterile phosphate buffer solution. One to 4 weeks after cell injection, tumor growth was evaluated in vivo using T2-weighted MRI at 4.7T. A further group of animal (n=6) treated with ht-29_luc cells, with the same protocol, was monitored by optical imaging. In both groups, the presence of the primary tumor and of lymph nodes metastasis was confirmed by histology. RESULTS: In all animals, primary tumors were detectable by MRI, 1 week from TARCI. After 4 weeks primary tumors showed a mean longitudinal diameter of about 2cm. All animals developed regional lymph node metastases. Others organs (e.g. lung or liver) were not affected. In fat-suppressed, T2-weighted MRI, lymph nodes appeared as small areas characterized by hyper-intense signal compared to muscle. OI permitted evaluation of the primary tumor growth in perineal region. CONCLUSIONS: TARCI of ht-29 cells into the rectum of nude mice is a feasible way to obtain a easily reproducible model of regional lymph node metastases could be monitored by magnetic resonance and optical imaging techniques.
TARCI; In vivo imaging; Lymph node metastasis
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/357183
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 1
  • Scopus 3
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 3
social impact