Nitrogenase biosynthesis in Klebsiella pneumoniae including mutant strains, which produce nitrogenase in the presence of NH+4 (Shanmugam, K.T., Chan, Irene, and Morandi, C. (1975) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 408, 101--111) is repressed by a mixture of L-amino acids. Biochemical analysis shows that glutamine synthetase activity in strains SK-24, SK-28, and SK-29 is also repressed by amino acids, with no detectable effect on glutamate dehydrogenase. Among the various amino acids, L-glutamine in combination with L-aspartate was found to repress nitrogenase biosynthesis completely. In the presence of high concentrations of glutamine (1 mg/ml) even NH+4 repressed nitrogenase biosynthesis in the strains SK-27, SK-37, SK-55 and SK-56. Under these conditions, increased glutamate dehydrogenase activity was also detected. Physiological studies show that nitrogenase derepressed strains are unable to utilize NH+4 as sole source of nitrogen for biosynthesis of glutamate for biosynthesis of glutamate, whereas back mutations leading to NH+4 utilization results in sensitivity to repression by NH+4. These findings suggest that amino acids play an important role as regulators of nitrogen fixation.

Amino acids as repressors of nitrogenase biosynthesis in Klebsiella pneumoniae

MORANDI, Carlo
1976

Abstract

Nitrogenase biosynthesis in Klebsiella pneumoniae including mutant strains, which produce nitrogenase in the presence of NH+4 (Shanmugam, K.T., Chan, Irene, and Morandi, C. (1975) Biochim. Biophys. Acta 408, 101--111) is repressed by a mixture of L-amino acids. Biochemical analysis shows that glutamine synthetase activity in strains SK-24, SK-28, and SK-29 is also repressed by amino acids, with no detectable effect on glutamate dehydrogenase. Among the various amino acids, L-glutamine in combination with L-aspartate was found to repress nitrogenase biosynthesis completely. In the presence of high concentrations of glutamine (1 mg/ml) even NH+4 repressed nitrogenase biosynthesis in the strains SK-27, SK-37, SK-55 and SK-56. Under these conditions, increased glutamate dehydrogenase activity was also detected. Physiological studies show that nitrogenase derepressed strains are unable to utilize NH+4 as sole source of nitrogen for biosynthesis of glutamate for biosynthesis of glutamate, whereas back mutations leading to NH+4 utilization results in sensitivity to repression by NH+4. These findings suggest that amino acids play an important role as regulators of nitrogen fixation.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/3553
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