Dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR, EC 1.5.1.3) is an enzyme involved in the metabolism of nucleic acids; it is also an important target for folate antagonists such as methotrexate (MTX). The distribution and expression of DHFR both in human HeLa BU-25 cell line and in methotrexate-resistant (MTX-R) variant, deriving from the human VA2-B cell line (having the DHFR gene amplified) was studied by tetrazolium salt method and by flow cytometric analysis. The immunohistochemical labelling of DHFR was achieved by using the streptavidinbiotinilated complex technique. DHFR activity was low in the human HeLa BU-25 cell line, while it was very high in the MTX-R cell line; the activity level increased with the increasing concentration of the MTX. The results obtained with cytochemical and immunohistochemical technique were compared. These findings showed that the hyperproduction of DHFR is strictly related with the cells having the DHFR gene amplified. Since MTX resistance is a common finding in the cells of patients with acute leukaemia, these studies may be extended to tumour-bearing patients at onset and following chemotherapy with methotrexate.

Immunohistochemistry of dihydrofolate reductase in methotrexate-sensitive and -resistant human cell lines by flow cytometry: a comparison with the cytochemical tetrazolium salt method

MORANDI, Carlo;
1992

Abstract

Dihydrofolate reductase (DHFR, EC 1.5.1.3) is an enzyme involved in the metabolism of nucleic acids; it is also an important target for folate antagonists such as methotrexate (MTX). The distribution and expression of DHFR both in human HeLa BU-25 cell line and in methotrexate-resistant (MTX-R) variant, deriving from the human VA2-B cell line (having the DHFR gene amplified) was studied by tetrazolium salt method and by flow cytometric analysis. The immunohistochemical labelling of DHFR was achieved by using the streptavidinbiotinilated complex technique. DHFR activity was low in the human HeLa BU-25 cell line, while it was very high in the MTX-R cell line; the activity level increased with the increasing concentration of the MTX. The results obtained with cytochemical and immunohistochemical technique were compared. These findings showed that the hyperproduction of DHFR is strictly related with the cells having the DHFR gene amplified. Since MTX resistance is a common finding in the cells of patients with acute leukaemia, these studies may be extended to tumour-bearing patients at onset and following chemotherapy with methotrexate.
cell line; mutants; DHFR
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/3534
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