Although the etiology of aggression is multifactorial, many studies have associated the Val158Met polymorphism of the COMT with aggression in schizophrenia. This study tests the hypothesis that Met/Met patients display more episodes of aggression and violent behaviour than Val/Val patients in a 6 year follow-up cohort of subjects with schizophrenia in contact with the South-Verona Community-based Mental Health Service. Out of the 141 subjects with an ICD-10 SCAN-confirmed diagnosis of schizophrenia, 115 completed both baseline and follow-up assessments (81.6% of the baseline cohort). Of these, 80 subjects (70%) were genotyped and rated for aggression using the Overt Aggression Scale. Met/Met homozygous patients had higher aggressive behaviour compared to Val/Val homozygous subjects. Antipsychotic dosage, alcohol and drug abuse were taken into account as confounders. The Met/Met genotype of COMT may have an effect on aggressive behaviour in schizophrenia because norepinephrine is less effectively inactivated. © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.

Although the etiology of aggression is multifactorial, many studies have associated the Val158Met polymorphism of the COMT with aggression in schizophrenia. This study tests the hypothesis that Met/Met patients display more episodes of aggression and violent behaviour than Val/Val patients in a 6 year follow-up cohort of subjects with schizophrenia in contact with the South-Verona Community-based Mental Health Service. Out of the 141 subjects with an ICD-10 SCAN-confirmed diagnosis of schizophrenia, 115 completed both baseline and follow-up assessments (81.6% of the baseline cohort). Of these, 80 subjects (70%) were genotyped and rated for aggression using the Overt Aggression Scale.Met/Met homozygous patients had higher aggressive behaviour compared to Val/Val homozygous subjects. Antipsychotic dosage, alcohol and drug abuse were taken into account as confounders. The Met/Met genotype of COMT may have an effect on aggressive behaviour in schizophrenia because norepinephrine is less effectively inactivated.

Effect of COMT genotype on aggressive behaviour in a community cohort of schizophrenic patients

TOSATO, Sarah;BONETTO, Chiara;CRISTOFALO, Doriana;BERTANI, Mariaelena;ZANONI, Martina;MARRELLA, Giovanna;LASALVIA, Antonio;DE GIRONCOLI, MARZIA;TANSELLA, Michele;RUGGERI, Mirella
2011-01-01

Abstract

Although the etiology of aggression is multifactorial, many studies have associated the Val158Met polymorphism of the COMT with aggression in schizophrenia. This study tests the hypothesis that Met/Met patients display more episodes of aggression and violent behaviour than Val/Val patients in a 6 year follow-up cohort of subjects with schizophrenia in contact with the South-Verona Community-based Mental Health Service. Out of the 141 subjects with an ICD-10 SCAN-confirmed diagnosis of schizophrenia, 115 completed both baseline and follow-up assessments (81.6% of the baseline cohort). Of these, 80 subjects (70%) were genotyped and rated for aggression using the Overt Aggression Scale. Met/Met homozygous patients had higher aggressive behaviour compared to Val/Val homozygous subjects. Antipsychotic dosage, alcohol and drug abuse were taken into account as confounders. The Met/Met genotype of COMT may have an effect on aggressive behaviour in schizophrenia because norepinephrine is less effectively inactivated. © 2011 Elsevier Ireland Ltd.
catechol methyltransferase, noradrenalin; adult, aggression, alcohol abuse, article, controlled study, drug abuse, enzyme blood level, female, follow up, genotype, homozygosity, human, major clinical study, male, mental health service, priority journal, schizophrenia, violence; Adult, Aggression, Catechol O-Methyltransferase, Cohort Studies, Community Mental Health Services, Confounding Factors (Epidemiology), Female, Follow-Up Studies, Genotype, Humans, Male, Schizophrenia, Schizophrenic Psychology, Substance-Related Disorders
Aggression; COMT; Schizophrenia; Outcome
Although the etiology of aggression is multifactorial, many studies have associated the Val158Met polymorphism of the COMT with aggression in schizophrenia. This study tests the hypothesis that Met/Met patients display more episodes of aggression and violent behaviour than Val/Val patients in a 6 year follow-up cohort of subjects with schizophrenia in contact with the South-Verona Community-based Mental Health Service. Out of the 141 subjects with an ICD-10 SCAN-confirmed diagnosis of schizophrenia, 115 completed both baseline and follow-up assessments (81.6% of the baseline cohort). Of these, 80 subjects (70%) were genotyped and rated for aggression using the Overt Aggression Scale.Met/Met homozygous patients had higher aggressive behaviour compared to Val/Val homozygous subjects. Antipsychotic dosage, alcohol and drug abuse were taken into account as confounders. The Met/Met genotype of COMT may have an effect on aggressive behaviour in schizophrenia because norepinephrine is less effectively inactivated.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/350785
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