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|Titolo:||Glucose counterregulatory response to acute hypoglycemia in hyperthyroid human subjects|
|Autori interni:||MOGHETTI, Paolo|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1994|
|Rivista:||THE JOURNAL OF CLINICAL ENDOCRINOLOGY AND METABOLISM|
|Abstract:||To evaluate the impact of hyperthyroidism on the counterregulatory response to hypoglycemia, eight hyperthyroid and eight sex-, age-, and body mass index-matched healthy women were given an iv insulin bolus (0.1 U/kg BW), and blood was drawn from 0-120 min for glucose, epinephrine, norepinephrine, glucagon, GH, ACTH, and cortisol measurements. In the basal state plasma glucose, GH, and cortisol levels were similar in the two groups, whereas plasma glucagon and ACTH were increased (135 +/- 17 vs. 80 +/- 10 ng/L and 6.4 +/- 1.5 vs. 2.6 +/- 0.4 pmol/L, respectively; both P < 0.025), and plasma catecholamines were reduced [epinephrine, 142 +/- 25 vs. 371 +/- 71 pmol/L (P < 0.025); norepinephrine, 0.41 +/- 0.07 vs. 1.41 +/- 0.12 nmol/L (P < 0.001)] in hyperthyroid patients. After insulin injection, plasma glucose similarly declined in the two groups (nadir, 1.5 +/- 0.2 vs. 1.6 +/- 0.2 mmol/L). Conversely, recovery from hypoglycemia was significantly faster in the hyperthyroid patients. In this respect, it is noteworthy that the plasma glucagon response had remarkably increased in the latter (peak, 444 +/- 56 vs. 198 +/- 17 ng/L; P < 0.005). On the other hand, the epinephrine responses were similar in the two groups, whereas norepinephrine levels remained consistently lower (peak, 0.97 +/- 0.20 vs. 2.61 +/- 0.24 nmol/L; P < 0.001), and the GH increase was severely impaired (peak, 10.6 +/- 1.9 vs. 29.6 +/- 6.2 micrograms/L; P < 0.01) in hyperthyroid patients. Plasma ACTH remained slightly higher in hyperthyroid subjects, but there were no substantial differences in the cortisol response between the two groups. In conclusion, hyperthyroidism affects plasma levels of several counterregulatory hormones, either in the fasting state or after insulin-induced hypoglycemia, with increased efficiency of plasma glucose recovery from hypoglycemia.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|
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