A comparative study of the molecular mechanism of interleukin-G (IL-6) gene induction on two breast-carcinoma-derived cell lines has been performed. MDA-MB-231 cells produce constitutive detectable levels of both secreted IL-6 and mRNA which, as expected, are dramatically enhanced following induction by either IL-1 beta or tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). The levels of both secreted IL-6 and IL-6 mRNA are significantly higher in response to IL-1 beta in spite of the fact that stimulation by TNF-alpha alone enhances the half life of IL-6 mRNA. The protein synthesis inhibitor cycloheximide is also a fairly strong inducer of IL-6 in these cells, in contrast, MCF-7 cells fail to produce detectable IL-6 protein or mRNA, even after stimulation with proper inducers. Analysis of transcription factors NF-kappa B, NFIL6 and NFIL6 beta which have been described to be sufficient to activate the IL-6 gene in other cell systems, shows a similar pattern of expression in both MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231 cells. Furthermore, transfection of a recombinant plasmid carrying he IL-6 promoter linked to a luciferase reporter gene shows that both cell lines are able to drive IL-1 beta or TNF-alpha activation of this construction in a very similar manner. Finally, when MCF-7 cells were treated with IL-1 beta or TNF-alpha in the presence of cycloheximide, transcription of IL-6 mRNA horn the endogenous IL-6 gene was observed. These data suggest that a mechanism of IL-6 gene repression is active in MCF-7 cells.
|Titolo:||Nuclear factor kappa-B (NF-kappa-B), nuclear factor interleukin-6 (NFIL-6 or C/EBP-beta) and nuclear factor interleukin-6-beta (NFIL6-beta or C/EBP-delta) are not sufficient to activate the endogenous interleukin-6 gene in the human breast carcinoma cell|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1996|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|