Summary The 65-kDa isoform of glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD65) is the major autoantigen implicated in the development of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). The bulk manufacture of GAD65 is a potential issue in the fight against T1DM but current production platforms are expensive. We show that a catalytically inactive form of GAD65 (GAD65mut) accumulates at up to 2.2\% total soluble protein in transgenic tobacco leaves, which is more than 10-fold the levels achieved with active GAD65, yet the protein retains the immunogenic properties required to treat T1DM. This higher yield was found to be a result of a higher rate of protein synthesis and not transcript availability or protein stability. We found that targeting GAD65 to the endoplasmic reticulum, a strategy that increases the accumulation of many recombinant proteins expressed in plants, did not improve production of GAD65mut. The production of a catalytically inactive autoantigen that retains its immunogenic properties could be a useful strategy to provide high-quality therapeutic protein for treatment of autoimmune T1DM.

Recombinant human GAD65 accumulates to high levels in transgenic tobacco plants when expressed as an enzymatically inactive mutant.

AVESANI, Linda;GECCHELE, Elisa;DOMINICI, Paola;MORANDINI, Francesca;PEZZOTTI, Mario
2010

Abstract

Summary The 65-kDa isoform of glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD65) is the major autoantigen implicated in the development of type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM). The bulk manufacture of GAD65 is a potential issue in the fight against T1DM but current production platforms are expensive. We show that a catalytically inactive form of GAD65 (GAD65mut) accumulates at up to 2.2\% total soluble protein in transgenic tobacco leaves, which is more than 10-fold the levels achieved with active GAD65, yet the protein retains the immunogenic properties required to treat T1DM. This higher yield was found to be a result of a higher rate of protein synthesis and not transcript availability or protein stability. We found that targeting GAD65 to the endoplasmic reticulum, a strategy that increases the accumulation of many recombinant proteins expressed in plants, did not improve production of GAD65mut. The production of a catalytically inactive autoantigen that retains its immunogenic properties could be a useful strategy to provide high-quality therapeutic protein for treatment of autoimmune T1DM.
T1DM; GAD65; transgenic plant
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/343023
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