We examined how people synchronize their leg movements while walking side-by-side on a treadmill. Walker pairs were either instructed to synchronize their steps in in-phase or in antiphase or received no coordination instructions. Frequency and phase analysis revealed that instructed in-phase and antiphase coordination were equally stable and independent of walking speed and the difference in individually preferred stride frequencies. Without instruction we found episodes of frequency locking in three pairs and episodes of phase locking in four pairs, albeit not always at (or near) 0◦ or 180◦. Again, we found no difference in the stability of in-phase and antiphase coordination and no systematic effects of walking speed and the difference in individually preferred stride frequencies. These results suggest that the Haken–Kelso–Bunz model for rhythmic interlimb coordination does not apply to interpersonal coordination during gait in a straightforward manner. When the typically involved parameter constraints are relaxed, however, this model may largely account for the observed dynamical characteristics.
|Titolo:||Characteristics of instructed and uninstructed interpersonalcoordination while walking side-by-side|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2008|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|