Human tryptase is a serine protease expressed in mast-cells. We previously observed that AML blast cells, cultured in vitro from a KIT D816Y patient, give rise to adherent cells with mast-cell like phenotype and tryptase was released in the serum-free medium. To correlate total serum tryptase (ts-try) levels with cytogenetic features and KIT mutational status, we analyzed serum samples from AML patients at diagnosis. In 70 out of 155 patients (45%) we detected elevated ts-try (>15 ng/mL), significantly linked to t(8;21) (P < .001) and inv(16) (P = .007). In patients that achieved complete remission the ts-try decreased to normal values. In 75 patients screened for KIT mutation, we found a clear relationship between elevated ts-try and mutated patients with t(8;21) (P < .001). In conclusion, we propose that checking for ts-try at diagnosis of AML may be a simple tool to select patients to be addressed to KIT mutation screening.

total serum tryptase: a predictive marker for KIT mutation in acute myeloid leukemia

PIZZOLO, Giovanni;
2009-01-01

Abstract

Human tryptase is a serine protease expressed in mast-cells. We previously observed that AML blast cells, cultured in vitro from a KIT D816Y patient, give rise to adherent cells with mast-cell like phenotype and tryptase was released in the serum-free medium. To correlate total serum tryptase (ts-try) levels with cytogenetic features and KIT mutational status, we analyzed serum samples from AML patients at diagnosis. In 70 out of 155 patients (45%) we detected elevated ts-try (>15 ng/mL), significantly linked to t(8;21) (P < .001) and inv(16) (P = .007). In patients that achieved complete remission the ts-try decreased to normal values. In 75 patients screened for KIT mutation, we found a clear relationship between elevated ts-try and mutated patients with t(8;21) (P < .001). In conclusion, we propose that checking for ts-try at diagnosis of AML may be a simple tool to select patients to be addressed to KIT mutation screening.
Leukemia; myeloid; tryptase
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/337854
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 2
  • Scopus ND
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? ND
social impact