Cystalysin, a dimeric pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP)-dependent lyase, is a virulence factor of the human oral pathogen Treponema denticola. Guided by bioinformatic analysis, two interfacial residues (Leu57 and Leu62) and an active site residue (Tyr64*), hydrogen-bonded with the PLP phosphate group of the neighboring subunit, have been mutated. The wild-type and the L57A, L62A, Y64*A, L57A/L62A, L57A/Y64*A, L57A/L62A/Y64*A mutants, all having a C-terminal histidine tag, have been constructed, expressed, and purified. The impact of these mutations on the dimeric state of cystalysin in the apo- and holo-form has been analyzed by size-exclusion chromatography. The results demonstrate that (i) Leu57 is more critical than Leu62 for apodimer formation, (ii) Tyr64*, more than Leu62, interferes with dimerization of holocystalysin without affecting that of apoenzyme, (iii) while each single mutation is inadequate in significantly altering the extent of monomerization of both apo- and holo-cystalysin, their combination leads to species which remain in a folded monomeric state at a reasonably high concentration in both the apo- and holo-forms. Although L57A/L62A or L57A/Y64*A, even to a different extent, are stimulated to dimer formation in the presence of either unproductive or productive ligands, L57A/L62A/Y64*A remains prevalently monomer at a concentration up to 50 microM. Kinetic analyses show that in this monomeric species the alpha,beta-eliminase, alanine racemase, and D-alanine half-transaminase activities are almost abolished, while the L-alanine half-transaminase activity is slightly enhanced when compared with that of wild-type. The structural basis of the stereospecific transaminase activity displayed by the engineered folded PLP-bound monomer has been analyzed and discussed.

An engineered folded PLP-bound monomer of Treponema denticola cystalysin reveals the effect of the dimeric structure on the catalytic properties of the enzyme

MONTIOLI, Riccardo;CELLINI, Barbara;BERTOLDI, Mariarita;VOLTATTORNI, Carla
2009

Abstract

Cystalysin, a dimeric pyridoxal 5'-phosphate (PLP)-dependent lyase, is a virulence factor of the human oral pathogen Treponema denticola. Guided by bioinformatic analysis, two interfacial residues (Leu57 and Leu62) and an active site residue (Tyr64*), hydrogen-bonded with the PLP phosphate group of the neighboring subunit, have been mutated. The wild-type and the L57A, L62A, Y64*A, L57A/L62A, L57A/Y64*A, L57A/L62A/Y64*A mutants, all having a C-terminal histidine tag, have been constructed, expressed, and purified. The impact of these mutations on the dimeric state of cystalysin in the apo- and holo-form has been analyzed by size-exclusion chromatography. The results demonstrate that (i) Leu57 is more critical than Leu62 for apodimer formation, (ii) Tyr64*, more than Leu62, interferes with dimerization of holocystalysin without affecting that of apoenzyme, (iii) while each single mutation is inadequate in significantly altering the extent of monomerization of both apo- and holo-cystalysin, their combination leads to species which remain in a folded monomeric state at a reasonably high concentration in both the apo- and holo-forms. Although L57A/L62A or L57A/Y64*A, even to a different extent, are stimulated to dimer formation in the presence of either unproductive or productive ligands, L57A/L62A/Y64*A remains prevalently monomer at a concentration up to 50 microM. Kinetic analyses show that in this monomeric species the alpha,beta-eliminase, alanine racemase, and D-alanine half-transaminase activities are almost abolished, while the L-alanine half-transaminase activity is slightly enhanced when compared with that of wild-type. The structural basis of the stereospecific transaminase activity displayed by the engineered folded PLP-bound monomer has been analyzed and discussed.
PLP; dimeric structure; enzyme
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/337826
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 2
  • Scopus 7
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 9
social impact