In this paper, we develop a theory of regular ω-languages that consist of ultimately periodic words only and we provide it with an automaton-based characterization. The resulting class of automata, called ultimately periodic automata (UPA), is a subclass of the class of Büchi automata and inherits some properties of automata over finite words (NFA). Taking advantage of the similarities among UPA, Büchi automata, and NFA, we devise efficient solutions to a number of basic problems for UPA, such as the inclusion, the equivalence, and the size optimization problems. The original motivation for developing a theory of ultimately periodic languages and automata was to represent and to reason about sets of time granularities in knowledge-based and database systems. In the last part of the paper, we show that UPA actually allow one to represent (possibly infinite) sets of granularities, instead of single ones, in a compact and suitable to algorithmic manipulation way. In particular, we describe an application of UPA to a concrete time granularity scenario taken from clinical medicine.

A Theory of Ultimately Periodic Languages and Automata with an Application to Time Granularity

BRESOLIN, Davide;
2009-01-01

Abstract

In this paper, we develop a theory of regular ω-languages that consist of ultimately periodic words only and we provide it with an automaton-based characterization. The resulting class of automata, called ultimately periodic automata (UPA), is a subclass of the class of Büchi automata and inherits some properties of automata over finite words (NFA). Taking advantage of the similarities among UPA, Büchi automata, and NFA, we devise efficient solutions to a number of basic problems for UPA, such as the inclusion, the equivalence, and the size optimization problems. The original motivation for developing a theory of ultimately periodic languages and automata was to represent and to reason about sets of time granularities in knowledge-based and database systems. In the last part of the paper, we show that UPA actually allow one to represent (possibly infinite) sets of granularities, instead of single ones, in a compact and suitable to algorithmic manipulation way. In particular, we describe an application of UPA to a concrete time granularity scenario taken from clinical medicine.
Time Granularities; Automata Theory; Language Theory
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/327549
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