Regulation of the affinity of the β2 integrin LFA-1 by chemokines is critical to lymphocyte trafficking, but the signaling mechanisms that control this process are not well understood. Here we investigated the signaling events controlling LFA-1 affinity triggering by chemokines in human primary T lymphocytes. We found that the small GTPase Rac1 mediated chemokine-induced LFA-1 affinity triggering and lymphocyte arrest in high endothelial venules. Unexpectedly, another Rho family member, Cdc42, negatively regulated LFA-1 activation. The Rho effectors PLD1 and PIP5KC were also critical to LFA-1 affinity modulation. Notably, PIP5KC was found to specifically control the transition of LFA-1 from an extended low-intermediate state to a high-affinity state, which correlated with lymphocyte arrest. Thus, chemokines control lymphocyte trafficking by triggering a Rho-dependent signaling cascade leading to conformer-specific modulation of LFA-1 affinity.

Regulation of conformer-specific activation of the integrin LFA-1 by achemokine-triggered Rho signaling module.

Bolomini Vittori M.;MONTRESOR, Alessio;GIAGULLI, Cinzia;ROSSI, Barbara;MARTINELLO, Marianna;CONSTANTIN, Gabriela;LAUDANNA, Carlo
2009

Abstract

Regulation of the affinity of the β2 integrin LFA-1 by chemokines is critical to lymphocyte trafficking, but the signaling mechanisms that control this process are not well understood. Here we investigated the signaling events controlling LFA-1 affinity triggering by chemokines in human primary T lymphocytes. We found that the small GTPase Rac1 mediated chemokine-induced LFA-1 affinity triggering and lymphocyte arrest in high endothelial venules. Unexpectedly, another Rho family member, Cdc42, negatively regulated LFA-1 activation. The Rho effectors PLD1 and PIP5KC were also critical to LFA-1 affinity modulation. Notably, PIP5KC was found to specifically control the transition of LFA-1 from an extended low-intermediate state to a high-affinity state, which correlated with lymphocyte arrest. Thus, chemokines control lymphocyte trafficking by triggering a Rho-dependent signaling cascade leading to conformer-specific modulation of LFA-1 affinity.
Signal transduction; Leukocyte; Adhesion
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/326630
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