Objective Patients with unstable angina (ILIA) and high C-reactive protein (CRP) have increased cardiovascular risk. Whether genetic factors such as the synonymous 1059G/C polymorphism within the axon 2 of the human CRP gene determine CRP levels and outcome is unclear Methods In 105 consecutive patients with UA, we assessed the CRP 1059G/C polymorphism, CRP plasma levels and interleukin-6 production after in-vitro stimulation of whole blood with lipopolysaccharide (11 ng/ml). Coronary events during a 24-month follow-up were recorded. Results CRP levels (median, range) were significantly lower among C-allele carriers (2.3 mg/l, 0.5-26.9) than among GG homozygotes (5.9 mg/l, 0.8-72.12, P= 0.009). Interleukin-6 production was lower in C-allele carriers (11645 pg/ml, 832.0-9522) than in GG homozygotes (3929 pg/ml, 670.8-10 582), (P= 0.085). At follow-up, 11059C-allele carriers experienced fewer coronary events than 1059GG homozygotes (13 vs. 47%, P=0.021). At multivariable analysis, a CRP level > 3 mg/l, but not the 1059G/C polymorphism, was an independent predictor of coronary events (odds ratio 10.04, 95% confidence interval 2.84-35.44, P=0.0002). Conclusion This study shows that the CRP synonymous 1059G/C polymorphism affects CRP levels. No independent association was, however, observed between this polymorphism and clinical outcome in UA.

1059G/C polymorphism within the exon 2 of the C-reactive protein gene: relationship to C-reactive protein levels and prognosis in unstable angina.

TRABETTI, Elisabetta;PIGNATTI, Pierfranco;
2007

Abstract

Objective Patients with unstable angina (ILIA) and high C-reactive protein (CRP) have increased cardiovascular risk. Whether genetic factors such as the synonymous 1059G/C polymorphism within the axon 2 of the human CRP gene determine CRP levels and outcome is unclear Methods In 105 consecutive patients with UA, we assessed the CRP 1059G/C polymorphism, CRP plasma levels and interleukin-6 production after in-vitro stimulation of whole blood with lipopolysaccharide (11 ng/ml). Coronary events during a 24-month follow-up were recorded. Results CRP levels (median, range) were significantly lower among C-allele carriers (2.3 mg/l, 0.5-26.9) than among GG homozygotes (5.9 mg/l, 0.8-72.12, P= 0.009). Interleukin-6 production was lower in C-allele carriers (11645 pg/ml, 832.0-9522) than in GG homozygotes (3929 pg/ml, 670.8-10 582), (P= 0.085). At follow-up, 11059C-allele carriers experienced fewer coronary events than 1059GG homozygotes (13 vs. 47%, P=0.021). At multivariable analysis, a CRP level > 3 mg/l, but not the 1059G/C polymorphism, was an independent predictor of coronary events (odds ratio 10.04, 95% confidence interval 2.84-35.44, P=0.0002). Conclusion This study shows that the CRP synonymous 1059G/C polymorphism affects CRP levels. No independent association was, however, observed between this polymorphism and clinical outcome in UA.
CRP gene polymorphisms; inflammation; prognosis; unstable angina
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/318006
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