2D gel electrophoresis is a tool for measuring protein regulation, involving image analysis by dedicated software (PDQuest, Melanie, etc.). Here, partial least squares discriminant analysis was applied to improve the results obtained by classic image analysis and to identify the significant spots responsible for the differences between two datasets. A human colon cancer HCT116 cell line was analyzed, treated and not treated with a new histone deacetylase inhibitor, RC307. The proteins regulated by RC307 were detected by analyzing the total lysates and nuclear proteome profiles. Some of the regulated spots were identified by tandem mass spectrometry. The preliminary data are encouraging and the protein modulation reported is consistent with the antitumoral effect of RC307 on the HCT116 cell line. Partial least squares discriminant analysis coupled with backward elimination variable selection allowed the identification of a larger number of spots than classic PDQuest analysis. Moreover, it allows the achievement of the best performances of the model in terms of prediction and provides therefore more robust and reliable results. From this point of view, the multivariate procedure applied can be considered a good alternative to standard differential analysis, also taking into account the interdependencies existing among the variables. © 2008 Springer-Verlag.

“Application of Partial Least Squares Discriminant Analysis and variable selection procedures: a 2D-PAGE Proteomic-Based Study”

MILLI, Alberto;CAMPOSTRINI, Natascia;CECCONI, Daniela;RIGHETTI, Piergiorgio
2008

Abstract

2D gel electrophoresis is a tool for measuring protein regulation, involving image analysis by dedicated software (PDQuest, Melanie, etc.). Here, partial least squares discriminant analysis was applied to improve the results obtained by classic image analysis and to identify the significant spots responsible for the differences between two datasets. A human colon cancer HCT116 cell line was analyzed, treated and not treated with a new histone deacetylase inhibitor, RC307. The proteins regulated by RC307 were detected by analyzing the total lysates and nuclear proteome profiles. Some of the regulated spots were identified by tandem mass spectrometry. The preliminary data are encouraging and the protein modulation reported is consistent with the antitumoral effect of RC307 on the HCT116 cell line. Partial least squares discriminant analysis coupled with backward elimination variable selection allowed the identification of a larger number of spots than classic PDQuest analysis. Moreover, it allows the achievement of the best performances of the model in terms of prediction and provides therefore more robust and reliable results. From this point of view, the multivariate procedure applied can be considered a good alternative to standard differential analysis, also taking into account the interdependencies existing among the variables. © 2008 Springer-Verlag.
Proteomic; 2D PAGE; Partial Least Squares Discriminant Analysis
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/317891
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