Viewing the body can improve tactile perception. We investigated whether this could be due to a remodeling of somatosensory cortical areas during vision of the body. Single-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) was delivered over the primary and secondary somatosensory areas of subjects who showed clear visual-tactile enhancement while they performed a tactile grating discrimination task. Before the tactile stimulus, subjects viewed either their right index finger through a semisilvered mirror or an object reflected by the mirror and positioned to appear in the same location as the finger. In a first experiment we observed that TMS over primary somatosensory cortex significantly reduced subjects' accuracy whilst viewing the hand. No such reduction was found when subjects viewed a neutral object. In a second experiment, we disrupted the activity of primary and secondary somatosensory areas in different sessions. When stimulating the primary somatosensory cortex, a reduction in accuracy was again found while viewing the hand, but not a neutral object. TMS over secondary somatosensory cortex had no effect in any condition. Our results show that vision of the body may act at an early stage in stimulus elaboration and perception, allowing an anticipatory tuning of the neural circuits in primary somatosensory cortex that underlie tactile acuity.

Viewing the body prepares the brain for touch: effects of TMS over somatosensory cortex

FIORIO, Mirta;
2005-01-01

Abstract

Viewing the body can improve tactile perception. We investigated whether this could be due to a remodeling of somatosensory cortical areas during vision of the body. Single-pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) was delivered over the primary and secondary somatosensory areas of subjects who showed clear visual-tactile enhancement while they performed a tactile grating discrimination task. Before the tactile stimulus, subjects viewed either their right index finger through a semisilvered mirror or an object reflected by the mirror and positioned to appear in the same location as the finger. In a first experiment we observed that TMS over primary somatosensory cortex significantly reduced subjects' accuracy whilst viewing the hand. No such reduction was found when subjects viewed a neutral object. In a second experiment, we disrupted the activity of primary and secondary somatosensory areas in different sessions. When stimulating the primary somatosensory cortex, a reduction in accuracy was again found while viewing the hand, but not a neutral object. TMS over secondary somatosensory cortex had no effect in any condition. Our results show that vision of the body may act at an early stage in stimulus elaboration and perception, allowing an anticipatory tuning of the neural circuits in primary somatosensory cortex that underlie tactile acuity.
body representation; cross-modal; somatosensory processing; tactile discrimination; transcranial magnetic stimulation
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/315752
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