AIMS: Fasting plasma glucose variability strongly predicts the incidence of cardiovascular events in type 2 diabetic patients. We prospectively assessed whether fasting plasma glucose variability predicts the development/progression of retinopathy in a large cohort of type 2 diabetic outpatients. METHODS: In the period 1996-1999, 1019 type 2 diabetic participants (aged 69+/-11 years) in the Verona Diabetes Study underwent at least 3 fasting plasma glucose (FPG) determinations and an eye examination by retinography. Of these, 746 underwent a 2nd eye examination in the period 2000-2004, while 273 did not (102 patients had died before undergoing the 2nd eye examination). For each patient, the mean (M-FPG) and the coefficient of variation of FPG (CV-FPG) were computed. RESULTS: By the 2nd eye examination, 124 patients had either developed new retinopathy (79 patients) or progressed to a more severe degree of retinopathy (45 patients). In a multivariable logistic regression analysis, the development/progression of retinopathy was independently predicted by average glycaemia over time, expressed as glycated haemoglobin (odds ratio [OR] 1.82, 95%CI 1.40-2.38 for 1 SD increase) or M-FPG (OR 1.88, 1.47-2.41), but not by CV-FPG. Among other independent variables, HDL-cholesterol was inversely associated with the development/progression of retinopathy. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that in elderly type 2 diabetic patients the magnitude of hyperglycaemia, but not fasting plasma glucose variability, strongly predicts the development/progression of diabetic retinopathy independently of other known risk factors.

Is fasting glucose variability a risk factor for retinopathy in people with type 2 diabetes?

ZOPPINI, Giacomo;VERLATO, Giuseppe;TARGHER, Giovanni;CASATI, Stefano;GUSSON, Elena;BONORA, Enzo;MUGGEO, Michele
2009

Abstract

AIMS: Fasting plasma glucose variability strongly predicts the incidence of cardiovascular events in type 2 diabetic patients. We prospectively assessed whether fasting plasma glucose variability predicts the development/progression of retinopathy in a large cohort of type 2 diabetic outpatients. METHODS: In the period 1996-1999, 1019 type 2 diabetic participants (aged 69+/-11 years) in the Verona Diabetes Study underwent at least 3 fasting plasma glucose (FPG) determinations and an eye examination by retinography. Of these, 746 underwent a 2nd eye examination in the period 2000-2004, while 273 did not (102 patients had died before undergoing the 2nd eye examination). For each patient, the mean (M-FPG) and the coefficient of variation of FPG (CV-FPG) were computed. RESULTS: By the 2nd eye examination, 124 patients had either developed new retinopathy (79 patients) or progressed to a more severe degree of retinopathy (45 patients). In a multivariable logistic regression analysis, the development/progression of retinopathy was independently predicted by average glycaemia over time, expressed as glycated haemoglobin (odds ratio [OR] 1.82, 95%CI 1.40-2.38 for 1 SD increase) or M-FPG (OR 1.88, 1.47-2.41), but not by CV-FPG. Among other independent variables, HDL-cholesterol was inversely associated with the development/progression of retinopathy. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that in elderly type 2 diabetic patients the magnitude of hyperglycaemia, but not fasting plasma glucose variability, strongly predicts the development/progression of diabetic retinopathy independently of other known risk factors.
type 2 diabetes; retinopathy; glucose variability
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/315178
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