We report a novel gain-of-function JAK2 exon 12 insertion mutation in a patient with idiopathic erythrocytosis and low serum erythropoietin level. To date, only rare cases of such mutations have been reported in the JAK2 exon 12. Using computer-based structural modelling we propose that this mutation causes the loss of the JAK2 auto-inhibition step, leading to the constitutive activation of JAK2 tyrosine kinase-dependent activity. Our model-based hypothesis provides a useful approach for the investigation of the phenotype-genotype relationship in myeloproliferative disorders involving JAK2.
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