We show here that human and mouse mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can be obtained not only from bone marrow (BM), but also from adult spleen and thymus. In vitro, both human and mouse spleen- and thymus-derived MSCs exhibit immunophenotypic characteristics and differentiation potential completely comparable to BM-MSCs. In addition, they can inhibit immune responses mediated by activated T lymphocytes with efficiency comparable to BM-MSCs. In vivo, mouse MSCs from BM, spleen and thymus, if injected together with a genetically modified tumour cell vaccine, can equally prevent the onset of anti-tumour memory immune response, thus leading to tumour growth in normally resistant mice. Our data suggest that not only do spleen and thymus have a stem cell reservoir to build up their stromal architecture, but also contain microenviromental immunoregulatory cells with the same properties of BM-MSCs.

Immune regulation by Mesenchymal Stem Cells derived from adult spleen and thymus.

KRAMPERA, Mauro;SARTORIS, Silvia;PASINI, Annalisa;ANDREINI, Angelo Giacomo;MOSNA, Federico;BONETTI, Bruno;TESTI, Maria Grazia;PIZZOLO, Giovanni;TRIDENTE, Giuseppe;
2007-01-01

Abstract

We show here that human and mouse mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) can be obtained not only from bone marrow (BM), but also from adult spleen and thymus. In vitro, both human and mouse spleen- and thymus-derived MSCs exhibit immunophenotypic characteristics and differentiation potential completely comparable to BM-MSCs. In addition, they can inhibit immune responses mediated by activated T lymphocytes with efficiency comparable to BM-MSCs. In vivo, mouse MSCs from BM, spleen and thymus, if injected together with a genetically modified tumour cell vaccine, can equally prevent the onset of anti-tumour memory immune response, thus leading to tumour growth in normally resistant mice. Our data suggest that not only do spleen and thymus have a stem cell reservoir to build up their stromal architecture, but also contain microenviromental immunoregulatory cells with the same properties of BM-MSCs.
2007
mesenchymal stem cells; immunoregulation; thymus; spleen
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/313557
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