PURPOSE: To determine the diagnostic performance of contrast-enhanced MR angiography (CE-MRA) with four doses of gadobenate dimeglumine for detection of significant steno-occlusive disease of the carotid, renal, and pelvic vasculature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-four patients with suspected disease of the renal (n = 16), pelvic (n = 41), or carotid (n = 27) arteries underwent CE-MRA (3D-spoiled gradient-echo sequences) at 1.5T. CE-MRA was performed with gadobenate dimeglumine at 0.025, 0.05, 0.1, or 0.2 mmol/kg (23, 24, 19, and 18 patients, respectively) administered at 2 mL/sec. Accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values (PPV and NPV, respectively) for detection of significant disease (>50% stenosis or occlusion for renal/pelvic arteries; >70% stenosis or occlusion for carotid arteries) was determined by three fully blinded, independent radiologists using conventional digital subtraction angiography (DSA) as reference standard. All comparisons were tested statistically (ANOVA, chi-square, and Mantel-Haenszel tests as appropriate) and reader agreement (kappa) was assessed. RESULTS: Values for accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV on CE-MRA were consistently higher for 0.1 mmol/kg gadobenate dimeglumine (accuracy = 95.2-97.3%, sensitivity = 84.2% (all readers), specificity = 96.9-99.2%, PPV = 80.0-94.1%, NPV = 97.6-97.7%). The greater accuracy of the 0.1 mmol/kg dose was significant (P < 0.01, all readers) compared to all other dose groups. Agreement between the three readers was good for all dose groups (kappa >/=0.58), with the highest percent agreement (85.7%) noted for the 0.1 mmol/kg dose. CONCLUSION: Significantly better diagnostic performance on CE-MRA of the renal, pelvic, and carotid arteries is achieved with a gadobenate dimeglumine dose of 0.1 mmol/kg bodyweight. (c) 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Gadobenate dimeglumine-enhanced MR angiography: Diagnostic performance of four doses for detection and grading of carotid, renal, and aorto-iliac stenoses compared to digital subtraction angiography.

MANFREDI, Riccardo;
2007-01-01

Abstract

PURPOSE: To determine the diagnostic performance of contrast-enhanced MR angiography (CE-MRA) with four doses of gadobenate dimeglumine for detection of significant steno-occlusive disease of the carotid, renal, and pelvic vasculature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eighty-four patients with suspected disease of the renal (n = 16), pelvic (n = 41), or carotid (n = 27) arteries underwent CE-MRA (3D-spoiled gradient-echo sequences) at 1.5T. CE-MRA was performed with gadobenate dimeglumine at 0.025, 0.05, 0.1, or 0.2 mmol/kg (23, 24, 19, and 18 patients, respectively) administered at 2 mL/sec. Accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values (PPV and NPV, respectively) for detection of significant disease (>50% stenosis or occlusion for renal/pelvic arteries; >70% stenosis or occlusion for carotid arteries) was determined by three fully blinded, independent radiologists using conventional digital subtraction angiography (DSA) as reference standard. All comparisons were tested statistically (ANOVA, chi-square, and Mantel-Haenszel tests as appropriate) and reader agreement (kappa) was assessed. RESULTS: Values for accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV on CE-MRA were consistently higher for 0.1 mmol/kg gadobenate dimeglumine (accuracy = 95.2-97.3%, sensitivity = 84.2% (all readers), specificity = 96.9-99.2%, PPV = 80.0-94.1%, NPV = 97.6-97.7%). The greater accuracy of the 0.1 mmol/kg dose was significant (P < 0.01, all readers) compared to all other dose groups. Agreement between the three readers was good for all dose groups (kappa >/=0.58), with the highest percent agreement (85.7%) noted for the 0.1 mmol/kg dose. CONCLUSION: Significantly better diagnostic performance on CE-MRA of the renal, pelvic, and carotid arteries is achieved with a gadobenate dimeglumine dose of 0.1 mmol/kg bodyweight. (c) 2007 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
MR angiography; steno-occlusive disease; contrast agents; gadobenate dimeglumine; diagnostic performance; dose-finding studies
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/313441
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 0
  • Scopus 5
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 19
social impact