Thirty-two patients affected with skeletal conditions were examined with MRI using Short TI Inversion Recovery sequence and Spectral Presaturation with Inversion Recovery (SPIR) sequence as well as Spin-Echo (SE) T1-weighted sequence and Fast Spin-Echo (FSE) T2-weighted sequence to compare their value in the assessment of skeletal lesions. SPIR sequence was performed after intravenous injection of Gd-DTPA. The lesions included primary bone tumors (10 cases: 1 osteosarcoma, 1 periosteal sarcoma, 1 Ewing's sarcoma, 1 chondrosarcoma, 2 non-ossifying fibromas, 1 chondroma, 1 chondromyxoid fibroma, 1 desmoplastic fibroma and 1 bone cyst), metastases (7 cases: 3 prostate, 3 breast, 1 lung-squamous cell carcinoma), infections (12 cases: 9 osteomyelitis, 3 spondylodiscitis), sacroiliitis (1 case) and posttraumatic bone bruise (2 cases of bone marrow edema). The four sequences were compared by using both qualitative and quantitative evaluation. Qualitative evaluation showed that STIR sequence was better than SPIR sequence (performed with Gd-DTPA) for lesion conspicuity (p < .016) and for signal intensity uniformity (p < .03). Compared with SE T1 and FSE T2 sequences, fat-suppressed sequences were superior for conspicuity, margins, and extension of the lesions (range of p < .001-.017). Only SPIR with Gd-DTPA sequence, compared with SE T1 sequence for lesion conspicuity was not statistically significantly different. Quantitative evaluation showed statistically significant higher values of percent contrast (%C) and contrast-to-noise ratio (C/N) for STIR sequence compared with SPIR sequence (%C p < .004; C/N p < .040). This study suggests that STIR sequence and SE T1-weighted sequence provide high sensitivity in lesion detection and good anatomical definition. The use of a fat-suppressed sequence with Gd-DTPA can be useful for lesion characterization.

Comparison of magnetic resonance Spin-echo sequences and fat-suppressed sequences in bone diseases

POZZI MUCELLI, Roberto;
1997-01-01

Abstract

Thirty-two patients affected with skeletal conditions were examined with MRI using Short TI Inversion Recovery sequence and Spectral Presaturation with Inversion Recovery (SPIR) sequence as well as Spin-Echo (SE) T1-weighted sequence and Fast Spin-Echo (FSE) T2-weighted sequence to compare their value in the assessment of skeletal lesions. SPIR sequence was performed after intravenous injection of Gd-DTPA. The lesions included primary bone tumors (10 cases: 1 osteosarcoma, 1 periosteal sarcoma, 1 Ewing's sarcoma, 1 chondrosarcoma, 2 non-ossifying fibromas, 1 chondroma, 1 chondromyxoid fibroma, 1 desmoplastic fibroma and 1 bone cyst), metastases (7 cases: 3 prostate, 3 breast, 1 lung-squamous cell carcinoma), infections (12 cases: 9 osteomyelitis, 3 spondylodiscitis), sacroiliitis (1 case) and posttraumatic bone bruise (2 cases of bone marrow edema). The four sequences were compared by using both qualitative and quantitative evaluation. Qualitative evaluation showed that STIR sequence was better than SPIR sequence (performed with Gd-DTPA) for lesion conspicuity (p < .016) and for signal intensity uniformity (p < .03). Compared with SE T1 and FSE T2 sequences, fat-suppressed sequences were superior for conspicuity, margins, and extension of the lesions (range of p < .001-.017). Only SPIR with Gd-DTPA sequence, compared with SE T1 sequence for lesion conspicuity was not statistically significantly different. Quantitative evaluation showed statistically significant higher values of percent contrast (%C) and contrast-to-noise ratio (C/N) for STIR sequence compared with SPIR sequence (%C p < .004; C/N p < .040). This study suggests that STIR sequence and SE T1-weighted sequence provide high sensitivity in lesion detection and good anatomical definition. The use of a fat-suppressed sequence with Gd-DTPA can be useful for lesion characterization.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/312830
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