OBJECTIVE: We have updated our findings on the efficacy of concomitant radiochemotherapy plus radical surgery in a larger series of patients (n = 54) with locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC). We also investigated the role of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in this clinical setting. METHODS: Radiotherapy was administered to the whole pelvic region (1.8 Gy/day, totaling 39.6 Gy) in combination with cisplatin (20 mg/m2) and 5-fluorouracil (1,000 mg/m2) (both on days 1-4 and 27-30). Radical surgery was performed 5-6 weeks after the end of treatment. RESULTS: A clinical complete or partial response was observed in all 53 evaluable patients (75.5 and 24.5%, respectively). At pathological examination, 23 of 51 patients (45.1%) undergoing radical surgery showed complete response to treatment, 18 patients (35.3%) only had microscopic residual disease, 6 patients (11.7%) had a partial response and 4 (7.8%) had no change in their disease. When logistic regression was applied, the FIGO stage (chi2 = 5.28, p = 0.021) and tumor to stroma COX-2 ratio (chi2 = 4.72, p = 0.029) retained an independent role in the prediction of the pathologic response to treatment. The 3-year disease-free survival (DFS) was 75.2%, with local relapse-free survival of 86.2% and metastasis-free interval of 89.9% at 3 years. Cases with a high COX-2 ratio showed a shorter DFS than cases with a low COX-2 ratio (p = 0.016). A direct association was shown between COX-2 ratio values and risk of recurrence, as assessed by Cox analysis using COX-2 ratio values as a continuous covariate (chi2 = 3.94, p = 0.047). CONCLUSION: This study confirms the possibility of achieving a very high rate of pathological responses in LACC patients administered chemoradiation plus surgery (3-year DFS 75.2%). Moreover, COX-2 status may play a role in the prognostic characterization and prediction of tumor response.

Concomitant radiochemotherapy plus surgery in locally advanced cervical cancer: update of clinical outcome and cyclooxygenase-2 as predictor of treatment susceptibility

MANFREDI, Riccardo;
2004-01-01

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: We have updated our findings on the efficacy of concomitant radiochemotherapy plus radical surgery in a larger series of patients (n = 54) with locally advanced cervical cancer (LACC). We also investigated the role of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) in this clinical setting. METHODS: Radiotherapy was administered to the whole pelvic region (1.8 Gy/day, totaling 39.6 Gy) in combination with cisplatin (20 mg/m2) and 5-fluorouracil (1,000 mg/m2) (both on days 1-4 and 27-30). Radical surgery was performed 5-6 weeks after the end of treatment. RESULTS: A clinical complete or partial response was observed in all 53 evaluable patients (75.5 and 24.5%, respectively). At pathological examination, 23 of 51 patients (45.1%) undergoing radical surgery showed complete response to treatment, 18 patients (35.3%) only had microscopic residual disease, 6 patients (11.7%) had a partial response and 4 (7.8%) had no change in their disease. When logistic regression was applied, the FIGO stage (chi2 = 5.28, p = 0.021) and tumor to stroma COX-2 ratio (chi2 = 4.72, p = 0.029) retained an independent role in the prediction of the pathologic response to treatment. The 3-year disease-free survival (DFS) was 75.2%, with local relapse-free survival of 86.2% and metastasis-free interval of 89.9% at 3 years. Cases with a high COX-2 ratio showed a shorter DFS than cases with a low COX-2 ratio (p = 0.016). A direct association was shown between COX-2 ratio values and risk of recurrence, as assessed by Cox analysis using COX-2 ratio values as a continuous covariate (chi2 = 3.94, p = 0.047). CONCLUSION: This study confirms the possibility of achieving a very high rate of pathological responses in LACC patients administered chemoradiation plus surgery (3-year DFS 75.2%). Moreover, COX-2 status may play a role in the prognostic characterization and prediction of tumor response.
Neoadjuvant radiochemotherapy; Locally advanced cervical cancer; Cyclooxygenase-2 status
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/310423
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