Protein tyrosine phosphatase (PTPgamma) is a receptor-like molecule with a known role in murine hematopoiesis. We analyzed the regulation of PTPgamma expression in the human hematopoietic system, where it was detected in human peripheral blood monocytes and dendritic cells (DCs) of myeloid and plasmacytoid phenotypes. Its expression was maintained during in vitro monocyte differentiation to dendritic cells (moDC) and was further increased after maturation with bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS), CD40L, and TNFalpha. But PTPgamma was absent when monocytes from the same donor were induced to differentiate in macrophages. B and T lymphocytes did not express PTPgamma. Rather, PTPgamma mRNA was expressed in primary and secondary lymphoid tissues, and the highest expression was in the spleen. PTPgamma was detected by immunohistochemistry in subsets of myeloid-derived DCs and specialized macrophages (tingible bodies, sinus and alveolar macrophages). Classic macrophages in infective or reactive granulomatous reactions did not express PTPgamma. Increased PTPgamma expression was associated with a decreased ability to induce proliferation and interferon-gamma secretion in T cells by moDCs from patients with advanced pancreatic cancer. Taken together, these results indicate that PTPgamma is a finely regulated protein in DC and macrophage subsets in vitro and in vivo.
|Titolo:||Receptor-type protein tyrosine phosphatase gamma (PTPgamma), a new identifier for myeloid dendritic cells and specialized macrophages|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2006|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|