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|Titolo:||Effect of plasma on the degradation of hydroperoxides of unesterified linoleic acid and copper-peroxidized LDL|
|Autori interni:||COMINACINI, Luciano|
LO CASCIO, Vincenzo
|Data di pubblicazione:||1994|
|Rivista:||FREE RADICAL BIOLOGY & MEDICINE|
|Abstract:||The determination of lipid hydroperoxides in plasma and lipoproteins recently reached a clinical relevance in disorders such as atherosclerosis, where oxidative reactions have been suggested to play a fundamental pathogenetic role. The peroxide content of lipoproteins is usually measured after ultracentrifugation and extraction. During this procedure, some peroxides might decompose causing a too low recovery. To screen this possibility, the disappearance, in the presence of human plasma, of hydroperoxides of linoleic acid and Cu-oxidized low density lipoprotein (LDL) have been investigated, using both a iodometric titration and an enzymatic assay. While only in the presence of GSH plasma decomposes linoleic acid hydroperoxides quite rapidly, peroxides in Cu-oxidized LDL were stable both in presence as well as in absence of GSH. This indicated that lipid hydroperoxides are stable in plasma and that peroxides of Cu-oxidized LDL are not substrate for the glutathione-dependent peroxidase activity in plasma. The relevant decrease of the iodometric titre of LDL peroxides observed in the presence of elevated amounts of plasma was shown to be artifactual, since some compounds extracted from plasma do react with iodine generated by peroxides. Whole plasma itself, indeed, has been shown to reduce back to I- appreciable amount of free iodine.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|
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