OBJECTIVE: To verify the possibility of auditory habilitation in children with aplasia and hypoplasia of the cochlear nerve by direct electrical stimulation of the cochlear nuclei with an auditory brainstem implant. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case review. SETTING: Study conducted at the Ear, Nose, and Throat Department of the University of Verona, Italy. PATIENTS: Three children, aged 4, 3, and 2 years, respectively, with severe bilateral cochlear malformations and cochlear nerve aplasia have received an auditory brainstem implant at this institution in the past 2 years. INTERVENTION: The classic retrosigmoid approach was used. Correct positioning of the electrodes was evaluated using electric auditory brainstem responses and neural response telemetry. Before the patients were discharged, high-resolution computed tomography with a bone algorithm reconstruction technique was performed to evaluate electrode placement. The auditory brainstem implant was activated 30 to 60 days after implantation. RESULTS: No postoperative complications were observed. To date, 21, 18, and 8 electrodes, respectively, have been activated in the three children. The first patient, 12 months after activation, had achieved good environmental sound awareness, good speech detection, and some speech recognition. The second child, 8 months after activation, had achieved good environmental sound awareness and moderate speech detection. The third patient, 1 month after activation, had obtained good environmental sound awareness. CONCLUSION: This study indicates that auditory brainstem implantation is technically feasible in children with cochlear nerve aplasia. The early results suggest the possibility of achieving auditory habilitation with auditory brainstem implantation in this population.

Hearing restoration with auditory brainstem implant in three children with cochlear nerve aplasia.

COLLETTI, Vittorio;SACCHETTO, Luca;
2002

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To verify the possibility of auditory habilitation in children with aplasia and hypoplasia of the cochlear nerve by direct electrical stimulation of the cochlear nuclei with an auditory brainstem implant. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case review. SETTING: Study conducted at the Ear, Nose, and Throat Department of the University of Verona, Italy. PATIENTS: Three children, aged 4, 3, and 2 years, respectively, with severe bilateral cochlear malformations and cochlear nerve aplasia have received an auditory brainstem implant at this institution in the past 2 years. INTERVENTION: The classic retrosigmoid approach was used. Correct positioning of the electrodes was evaluated using electric auditory brainstem responses and neural response telemetry. Before the patients were discharged, high-resolution computed tomography with a bone algorithm reconstruction technique was performed to evaluate electrode placement. The auditory brainstem implant was activated 30 to 60 days after implantation. RESULTS: No postoperative complications were observed. To date, 21, 18, and 8 electrodes, respectively, have been activated in the three children. The first patient, 12 months after activation, had achieved good environmental sound awareness, good speech detection, and some speech recognition. The second child, 8 months after activation, had achieved good environmental sound awareness and moderate speech detection. The third patient, 1 month after activation, had obtained good environmental sound awareness. CONCLUSION: This study indicates that auditory brainstem implantation is technically feasible in children with cochlear nerve aplasia. The early results suggest the possibility of achieving auditory habilitation with auditory brainstem implantation in this population.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/307911
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