The facial nerve was transected in rats at different postnatal ages, from birth to early adulthood. NADPH-diaphorase histochemistry was performed to analyze the induction of nitric oxide synthase, the synthetic enzyme of the free radical nitric oxide, in injured facial motoneurons. In addition, in situ nick-end labeling of DNA fragmentation (TUNEL technique) was performed after axotomy at birth, to verify the occurrence of apoptosis in the damaged facial motoneurons. A striking age-dependency was found in the induction of nitric oxide synthase activity in axotomized facial motoneurons. NADPH-diaphorase positivity was not detectable in these neurons 1 and 2 days after axotomy at birth, when apoptotic changes were evident and marked. In addition, NADPH-diaphorase staining was hardly detectable in the facial nucleus 4 days after axotomies at birth, when extensive motoneuron loss was evident. NADPH-diaphorase positivity was instead induced in the facial motoneurons axotomized from the end of the first postnat al week to adulthood, when the nerve cell loss was less severe than in newborns. However, the time course of the enzyme activity induction varied considerably in relation to the animals'age. These findings are discussed in relation to the role of nitric oxide in motoneuron death or protective response to injury and of oxidative stress in neurodegeneration.

Age-dependent induction of nitric oxide synthase activity in facial motoneurons after axotomy

Mariotti R.;Bentivoglio M.
1997

Abstract

The facial nerve was transected in rats at different postnatal ages, from birth to early adulthood. NADPH-diaphorase histochemistry was performed to analyze the induction of nitric oxide synthase, the synthetic enzyme of the free radical nitric oxide, in injured facial motoneurons. In addition, in situ nick-end labeling of DNA fragmentation (TUNEL technique) was performed after axotomy at birth, to verify the occurrence of apoptosis in the damaged facial motoneurons. A striking age-dependency was found in the induction of nitric oxide synthase activity in axotomized facial motoneurons. NADPH-diaphorase positivity was not detectable in these neurons 1 and 2 days after axotomy at birth, when apoptotic changes were evident and marked. In addition, NADPH-diaphorase staining was hardly detectable in the facial nucleus 4 days after axotomies at birth, when extensive motoneuron loss was evident. NADPH-diaphorase positivity was instead induced in the facial motoneurons axotomized from the end of the first postnat al week to adulthood, when the nerve cell loss was less severe than in newborns. However, the time course of the enzyme activity induction varied considerably in relation to the animals'age. These findings are discussed in relation to the role of nitric oxide in motoneuron death or protective response to injury and of oxidative stress in neurodegeneration.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/307523
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