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|Titolo:||Plastic changes and nitric oxide synthase induction in neurons which innervate the regenerated tail of the lizard Gekko gecko: II. The response of dorsal root ganglion cells to tail amputation and regeneration.|
|Autori interni:||BENTIVOGLIO FALES, Marina|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2000|
|Abstract:||The lizard tail regenerates after amputation, which severs the spinal cord and spinal nerves. Dorsal root ganglia (DRGs) do not regenerate in the regrowing tail, which is innervated by DRGs rostral to the amputation. With Nissl staining, NADPH-diaphorase histochemistry and nitric oxide synthase (NOS) immunohistochemistry, we investigated NOS expression and its relationship with structural changes in DRG neurons of caudotomized lizards. First, by horseradish peroxidase retrograde tracing we here provided evidence that the sensory innervation of the regenerated tail derives only from the three pairs of DRGs rostral to the amputation plane. These ganglia were then analyzed in control animals with original intact tail, at 5, 15 and 30 days after caudotomy, and at 8 months in lizards with mature regenerates. Caudotomy elicited in DRG neurons marked hypertrophy that persisted after tail regeneration. In control ganglia, most neurons were lightly NADPH-diaphorase-positive, a few were unstained or intensely stained. Tail transection elicited marked staining up-regulation, and an increase in the proportion of intensely positive neurons. The staining intensity peaked in DRG neurons at 15 days and was still significantly increased in respect to controls several months after complete tail regeneration. NOS immunoreactivity in DRGs matched the histochemical findings. NADPH-diaphorase positivity was also enhanced in the dorsal horn superficial laminae of the corresponding spinal segments. We demonstrate that transection of the lizard spinal nerves, provoked by tail loss, elicits in the axotomized primary sensory neurons marked NOS enhancement, which accompanies axon elongation in the regrowing tail and persists after the end of this process.|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|
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