Thermal balneotherapy with Comano spa's water (CW; Trentino, Italy) is used for psoriasis and other skin disorders but the mechanism(s) of action of this hypotonic water are unknown. Since skin psoriatic manifestations are thought to be angiogenesis-dependent, we assessed CW's effects on the expression and release of VEGF-A protein isoforms by cultured human lesional keratinocytes isolated from skin biopsies performed in 9 patients. Confluent, psoriatic keratinocytes were exposed for 11 days to DMEM, whose chemicals had been dissolved in either deionised water (DW-DMEM, controls) or CW (CW-DMEM, treated cells). As detected by Western immunoblotting (WB), incubation in CW-DMEM elicited, with respect to DW-DMEM, an increase in intracellular and/or cell-bound L-VEGF-A189 and L-VEGF-A165 48 kDa protein isoforms with no concurrent change in L-VEGF-A121 and L-VEGF-A165 45 kDa proteins. Moreover, WB analysis of the secreted VEGF-A (sVEGF-A) proteins showed that the 20 and 15 kDa bands corresponding to different VEGF-A isoforms were directly and remarkably reduced in keratinocyte-conditioned CW-DMEM vs. DW-DMEM. Thus, CW interferes with VEGF-A isoform expression and secretion by the psoriatic keratinocytes. These effects would reduce all VEGF-A-mediated angiogenic, vessel permeabilising, and chemotactic effects, thereby at least in part explaining the beneficial actions of CW balneotherapy on the clinical manifestations of psoriasis.

Comano’s (Trentino) thermal water interferes with the expression and secretion of vascular endothelial growth factor-A protein isoforms by cultured human psoriatic keratinocytes: A potential mechanism of its anti-psoriatic action.

CHIARINI, Anna Maria;DAL PRÀ, Ilaria Pierpaola;PACCHIANA, Raffaella;MENAPACE, Lia;ARMATO, Ubaldo
2006

Abstract

Thermal balneotherapy with Comano spa's water (CW; Trentino, Italy) is used for psoriasis and other skin disorders but the mechanism(s) of action of this hypotonic water are unknown. Since skin psoriatic manifestations are thought to be angiogenesis-dependent, we assessed CW's effects on the expression and release of VEGF-A protein isoforms by cultured human lesional keratinocytes isolated from skin biopsies performed in 9 patients. Confluent, psoriatic keratinocytes were exposed for 11 days to DMEM, whose chemicals had been dissolved in either deionised water (DW-DMEM, controls) or CW (CW-DMEM, treated cells). As detected by Western immunoblotting (WB), incubation in CW-DMEM elicited, with respect to DW-DMEM, an increase in intracellular and/or cell-bound L-VEGF-A189 and L-VEGF-A165 48 kDa protein isoforms with no concurrent change in L-VEGF-A121 and L-VEGF-A165 45 kDa proteins. Moreover, WB analysis of the secreted VEGF-A (sVEGF-A) proteins showed that the 20 and 15 kDa bands corresponding to different VEGF-A isoforms were directly and remarkably reduced in keratinocyte-conditioned CW-DMEM vs. DW-DMEM. Thus, CW interferes with VEGF-A isoform expression and secretion by the psoriatic keratinocytes. These effects would reduce all VEGF-A-mediated angiogenic, vessel permeabilising, and chemotactic effects, thereby at least in part explaining the beneficial actions of CW balneotherapy on the clinical manifestations of psoriasis.
Comano’s (Trentino) thermal water; vascular endothelial growth factor-A (VEGF-A); psoriasis; human keratinocytes
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/306486
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