We previously reported that tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulate DNA synthesis in chick embryo cardiomyocytes (CM) via nitric oxide and polyamine biosynthesis. Here we show an involvement of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) in the induction of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), the key enzyme in polyamine biosynthesis. In addition NF-kappaB activation appears to favor survival of CM by reducing caspase activation. TNF and LPS also stimulate phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), which is required for the changes in ODC and caspase activity, but not for NOS induction or NF-kappaB activation. In conclusion, these results indicate that NF-kappaB, in cooperation with ERK, plays a pivotal role in the growth stimulating effects of TNF and LPS, leading to the induction of both ODC and NOS and to the reduction of caspase activity.

NF-kB and ERK cooperate to stimulate DNA synthesis by inducing ornithine decarboxylase and nitric oxide synthase in cardiomyocytes treated with TNF and LPS.

MENEGAZZI, Marta Vittoria;
2002-01-01

Abstract

We previously reported that tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF) and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulate DNA synthesis in chick embryo cardiomyocytes (CM) via nitric oxide and polyamine biosynthesis. Here we show an involvement of nuclear factor-kappaB (NF-kappaB) in the induction of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) and ornithine decarboxylase (ODC), the key enzyme in polyamine biosynthesis. In addition NF-kappaB activation appears to favor survival of CM by reducing caspase activation. TNF and LPS also stimulate phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK), which is required for the changes in ODC and caspase activity, but not for NOS induction or NF-kappaB activation. In conclusion, these results indicate that NF-kappaB, in cooperation with ERK, plays a pivotal role in the growth stimulating effects of TNF and LPS, leading to the induction of both ODC and NOS and to the reduction of caspase activity.
NF.kB; cardiomyocyte; extracellular signal-regulated kinase; ornithine decarboxylase
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/305786
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