To evaluate the frequency of the LRRK2 G2019S mutation in Italy, we tested 1,072 probands with Parkinson's disease (PD; 822 sporadic and 250 familial): 20 patients (1.9%) carried the G2019S mutation, 11 patients (1.3%) were sporadic, and 9 (4.3%) had a positive family history. Considering only probands with autosomal dominant inheritance, the G2019S frequency raises to 5.2%. All presented a typical phenotype with variable onset and shared the common ancestral haplotype. Mutation frequency raised from 1.2% in early onset PD to 4.0% in late onset PD. (C) 2006 Movement Disorder Society.
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