Background: Genetic engineering of parthenocarpy confers to horticultural plants the ability toproduce fruits under environmental conditions that curtail fruit productivity and quality. TheDefH9-iaaM transgene, whose predicted action is to confer auxin synthesis specifically in theplacenta, ovules and derived tissues, has been shown to confer parthenocarpy to several plantspecies (tobacco, eggplant, tomato) and varieties.Results: UC82 tomato plants, a typical cultivar used by the processing industry, transgenic for theDefH9-iaaM gene produce parthenocarpic fruits that are malformed. UC82 plants transgenic forthe DefH9-RI-iaaM, a DefH9-iaaM derivative gene modified in its 5'ULR by replacing 53 nucleotidesimmediately upstream of the AUG initiation codon with an 87 nucleotides-long sequence derivedfrom the rolA intron sequence, produce parthenocarpic fruits of high quality. In an in vitro translationsystem, the iaaM mRNA, modified in its 5'ULR is translated 3–4 times less efficiently than theoriginal transcript. An optimal expressivity of parthenocarpy correlates with a reduced transgenemRNA steady state level in DefH9-RI-iaaM flower buds in comparison to DefH9-iaaM flower buds.Consistent with the known function of the iaaM gene, flower buds transgenic for the DefH9-RI-iaaMgene contain ten times more IAA than control untransformed flower buds, but five times less thanDefH9-iaaM flower buds.Conclusions:: By using an auxin biosynthesis transgene downregulated at the post-transcriptionallevel, an optimal expressivity of parthenocarpy has been achieved in a genetic background notsuitable for the original transgene. Thus, the method allows the generation of a wider range ofexpressivity of the desired trait in transgenic plants.

Optimization of transgene action at the post-transcriptional level: high quality parthenocarpic fruits in industrial tomatoes

PANDOLFINI, Tiziana;SPENA, Angelo
2002-01-01

Abstract

Background: Genetic engineering of parthenocarpy confers to horticultural plants the ability toproduce fruits under environmental conditions that curtail fruit productivity and quality. TheDefH9-iaaM transgene, whose predicted action is to confer auxin synthesis specifically in theplacenta, ovules and derived tissues, has been shown to confer parthenocarpy to several plantspecies (tobacco, eggplant, tomato) and varieties.Results: UC82 tomato plants, a typical cultivar used by the processing industry, transgenic for theDefH9-iaaM gene produce parthenocarpic fruits that are malformed. UC82 plants transgenic forthe DefH9-RI-iaaM, a DefH9-iaaM derivative gene modified in its 5'ULR by replacing 53 nucleotidesimmediately upstream of the AUG initiation codon with an 87 nucleotides-long sequence derivedfrom the rolA intron sequence, produce parthenocarpic fruits of high quality. In an in vitro translationsystem, the iaaM mRNA, modified in its 5'ULR is translated 3–4 times less efficiently than theoriginal transcript. An optimal expressivity of parthenocarpy correlates with a reduced transgenemRNA steady state level in DefH9-RI-iaaM flower buds in comparison to DefH9-iaaM flower buds.Consistent with the known function of the iaaM gene, flower buds transgenic for the DefH9-RI-iaaMgene contain ten times more IAA than control untransformed flower buds, but five times less thanDefH9-iaaM flower buds.Conclusions:: By using an auxin biosynthesis transgene downregulated at the post-transcriptionallevel, an optimal expressivity of parthenocarpy has been achieved in a genetic background notsuitable for the original transgene. Thus, the method allows the generation of a wider range ofexpressivity of the desired trait in transgenic plants.
tomato; parthenocarpy; auxin
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/305518
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