Parthenocarpy was engineered in two genotypes of Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. by using the DefH9-iaaM chimeric gene. The parthenocarpic trait consists of fruit set and growth in the absence of fertilization. Seedless parthenocarpic fruits were obtained from emasculated flowers, and fruits with seeds from pollinated flowers. All parthenocarpic tomato plants analysed expressed the DefH9-iaaM gene during flower development. The fruit set percentage of emasculated transgenic flowers was similar to that of control plants. In 7 out of 8 independent transgenic plants, the fresh weight of fruits derived from pollinated or emasculated flowers did not significantly differ from that of fruits obtained by pollination of the control plants. The pH of the parthenocarpic fruit was generally unaffected and the soluble solid concentration was either unchanged or increased. Thus, the DefH9-iaaM gene is a genetic tool that might be used to improve tomato productivity.

Genetic engineering of parthenocarpic fruit development in tomato

PANDOLFINI, Tiziana;SPENA, Angelo
1999

Abstract

Parthenocarpy was engineered in two genotypes of Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. by using the DefH9-iaaM chimeric gene. The parthenocarpic trait consists of fruit set and growth in the absence of fertilization. Seedless parthenocarpic fruits were obtained from emasculated flowers, and fruits with seeds from pollinated flowers. All parthenocarpic tomato plants analysed expressed the DefH9-iaaM gene during flower development. The fruit set percentage of emasculated transgenic flowers was similar to that of control plants. In 7 out of 8 independent transgenic plants, the fresh weight of fruits derived from pollinated or emasculated flowers did not significantly differ from that of fruits obtained by pollination of the control plants. The pH of the parthenocarpic fruit was generally unaffected and the soluble solid concentration was either unchanged or increased. Thus, the DefH9-iaaM gene is a genetic tool that might be used to improve tomato productivity.
tomato; parthenocarpy; auxin
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/305510
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