Mitochondrial dysfunction leads to oxygen free radical (ROS) generation with consequent oxidative stress and cellular damage. Recently, activation of the cellular antioxidant system and apoptosis were demonstrated in skeletal muscle fibres from patients with mitochondrial diseases, but the underlying mechanisms remain unknown. Hydrogen peroxide, a by-product of ROS generation, is a chemical inducer of gene expression able to activate apoptosis and to promote the antioxidant response through the activation of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) and activator protein-1 (AP-1) transcription factor. Using immunohistochemistry and confocal microscopy, we evaluated the expression of NF-κB and AP-1 in muscle biopsies from patients with mitochondrial disease. In addition, we examined the expression of factors involved in their activation, such as NF-κB inducing kinase (NIK) and phosphorylated Jun-N-terminal kinase (p-JNK). Most fibres with respiratory chain dysfunction displayed nuclear staining for activated c-Jun/AP-1, but not for NF-κB. The same fibres reacted for p-JNK. Only some ragged red fibres immunoreacted for NIK. These data suggest that AP-1 is involved in the oxidative stress response in muscle fibres from patients with mitochondrial disease.

Transcription factors c-Jun/activator protein-1 and nuclear factor-kappa B in oxidative stress response in mithocondrial diseases

FILOSTO, Massimiliano;TONIN, PAOLA;VATTEMI, Gaetano Nicola;SAVIO, Chiara;RIZZUTO, Nicolo';TOMELLERI, Giuliano
2003-01-01

Abstract

Mitochondrial dysfunction leads to oxygen free radical (ROS) generation with consequent oxidative stress and cellular damage. Recently, activation of the cellular antioxidant system and apoptosis were demonstrated in skeletal muscle fibres from patients with mitochondrial diseases, but the underlying mechanisms remain unknown. Hydrogen peroxide, a by-product of ROS generation, is a chemical inducer of gene expression able to activate apoptosis and to promote the antioxidant response through the activation of nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) and activator protein-1 (AP-1) transcription factor. Using immunohistochemistry and confocal microscopy, we evaluated the expression of NF-κB and AP-1 in muscle biopsies from patients with mitochondrial disease. In addition, we examined the expression of factors involved in their activation, such as NF-κB inducing kinase (NIK) and phosphorylated Jun-N-terminal kinase (p-JNK). Most fibres with respiratory chain dysfunction displayed nuclear staining for activated c-Jun/AP-1, but not for NF-κB. The same fibres reacted for p-JNK. Only some ragged red fibres immunoreacted for NIK. These data suggest that AP-1 is involved in the oxidative stress response in muscle fibres from patients with mitochondrial disease.
mitochondrial diseases; oxidative stress; transcription factors
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/305448
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