Tyr 64, hydrogen-bonded to coenzyme phosphate in Treponema denticola cystalysin, was changed to alanine by site-directed mutagenesis. Spectroscopic and kinetic properties of the Tyr 64 mutant were investigated in an effort to explore the differences in coenzyme structure and kinetic mechanism relative to those of the wild-type enzyme. The wild type displays coenzyme absorbance bands at 418 and 320 nm, previously attributed to ketoenamine and substituted aldamine, respectively. The Tyr 64 mutant exhibits absorption maxima at 412 and 325 nm. However, the fluorescence characteristics of the latter band are consistent with its assignment to the enolimine form of the Schiff base. pK spec values of ∼8.3 and ∼6.5 were observed in a pH titration of the wild-type and mutant coenzyme absorbances, respectively. Thus, Tyr 64 is probably the residue involved in the nucleophilic attack on C4′ of pyridoxal 5′-phosphate (PLP) in the internal aldimine. Although the Tyr 64 mutant exhibits a lower affinity for PLP and lower turnover numbers for α,β-elimination and racemization than the wild type, the pH profiles for their Kd(PLP) and kinetic parameters are very similar. Rapid scanning stopped-flow and chemical quench experiments suggest that, in contrast to the wild type, for which the rate-determining step of α,β- elimination of β-chloro-L-alanine is the release of pyruvate, the rate-determining step for the mutant in the same reaction is the formation of α-aminoacrylate. Altogether, these results provide new insights into the catalytic mechanism of cystalysin and highlight the functional role of Tyr 64. © 2005 American Chemical Society.

Probing the role of Tyr 64 of Treponema denticola cystalysin by site-directed mutagenesis and kinetic studies

CELLINI, Barbara;BERTOLDI, Mariarita;MONTIOLI, Riccardo;VOLTATTORNI, Carla
2005-01-01

Abstract

Tyr 64, hydrogen-bonded to coenzyme phosphate in Treponema denticola cystalysin, was changed to alanine by site-directed mutagenesis. Spectroscopic and kinetic properties of the Tyr 64 mutant were investigated in an effort to explore the differences in coenzyme structure and kinetic mechanism relative to those of the wild-type enzyme. The wild type displays coenzyme absorbance bands at 418 and 320 nm, previously attributed to ketoenamine and substituted aldamine, respectively. The Tyr 64 mutant exhibits absorption maxima at 412 and 325 nm. However, the fluorescence characteristics of the latter band are consistent with its assignment to the enolimine form of the Schiff base. pK spec values of ∼8.3 and ∼6.5 were observed in a pH titration of the wild-type and mutant coenzyme absorbances, respectively. Thus, Tyr 64 is probably the residue involved in the nucleophilic attack on C4′ of pyridoxal 5′-phosphate (PLP) in the internal aldimine. Although the Tyr 64 mutant exhibits a lower affinity for PLP and lower turnover numbers for α,β-elimination and racemization than the wild type, the pH profiles for their Kd(PLP) and kinetic parameters are very similar. Rapid scanning stopped-flow and chemical quench experiments suggest that, in contrast to the wild type, for which the rate-determining step of α,β- elimination of β-chloro-L-alanine is the release of pyruvate, the rate-determining step for the mutant in the same reaction is the formation of α-aminoacrylate. Altogether, these results provide new insights into the catalytic mechanism of cystalysin and highlight the functional role of Tyr 64. © 2005 American Chemical Society.
cystalysin; enzyme kinetics; pH-dependence
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/305406
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? ND
  • Scopus 21
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 22
social impact