It has been repeatedly reported that Fos is spontaneously induced in several brain structures, including the cerebral cortex, during wakefulness. To ascertain whether cortical interneurons are involved in this state-dependent oscillation of gene regulation, we combined Fos immunocytochemistry with immunostaining of either parvalbumin or calbindin, known markers of cortical interneurons. Immunopositive neurons were examined in the sensorimotor and cingulate cortex. In rats perfused in basal conditions, a minor proportion (around 8%) of Fos-immunoreactive neurons in the parietal cortex were also parvalbumin- or calbindin-immunoreactive; these double immunostained cells accounted for 13% of the parvalbumin- and 34% of the calbindin-labeled neurons. Colocalization of Fos with either calcium-binding protein was instead not observed in the cingulate cortex. In rats stimulated by novel environmental cues during the period of wakefulness preceding perfusion, Fos-positive neurons increased markedly relative to unstimulated animals, and involved the majority of the calbindin- or parvalbumin-labeled cell populations (60-75% and over 95%, respectively). In the neuronal populations in which Fos was induced by exposure to the enriched environment, the proportion of calbindin- and parvalbumin-labeled cells was larger than in the unstimulated cases, and the increment was statistically significant in the cingulate cortex. The results demonstrate that Fos induction occurring in the cortex during undisturbed wakefulness in a familiar environment involves a minor proportion of interneurons. Furthermore, the findings indicate that the addition of novel environmental stimuli results in an increase of Fos-expressing neurons whose recruitment, at least in the cingulate cortex, involves a higher proportion of interneurons than of projection neurons.

Fos induction in cortical interneurons during spontaneous wakefulness of rats in a familiar or enriched environment.

BERTINI, Giuseppe;FABENE, Paolo;BENTIVOGLIO FALES, Marina
2002-01-01

Abstract

It has been repeatedly reported that Fos is spontaneously induced in several brain structures, including the cerebral cortex, during wakefulness. To ascertain whether cortical interneurons are involved in this state-dependent oscillation of gene regulation, we combined Fos immunocytochemistry with immunostaining of either parvalbumin or calbindin, known markers of cortical interneurons. Immunopositive neurons were examined in the sensorimotor and cingulate cortex. In rats perfused in basal conditions, a minor proportion (around 8%) of Fos-immunoreactive neurons in the parietal cortex were also parvalbumin- or calbindin-immunoreactive; these double immunostained cells accounted for 13% of the parvalbumin- and 34% of the calbindin-labeled neurons. Colocalization of Fos with either calcium-binding protein was instead not observed in the cingulate cortex. In rats stimulated by novel environmental cues during the period of wakefulness preceding perfusion, Fos-positive neurons increased markedly relative to unstimulated animals, and involved the majority of the calbindin- or parvalbumin-labeled cell populations (60-75% and over 95%, respectively). In the neuronal populations in which Fos was induced by exposure to the enriched environment, the proportion of calbindin- and parvalbumin-labeled cells was larger than in the unstimulated cases, and the increment was statistically significant in the cingulate cortex. The results demonstrate that Fos induction occurring in the cortex during undisturbed wakefulness in a familiar environment involves a minor proportion of interneurons. Furthermore, the findings indicate that the addition of novel environmental stimuli results in an increase of Fos-expressing neurons whose recruitment, at least in the cingulate cortex, involves a higher proportion of interneurons than of projection neurons.
Calbindin; Exploratory behavior; Immediate early genes; Immunocytochemistry; Parvalbumin
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/305353
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 4
  • Scopus 10
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 11
social impact