An immunoenzymatic method for the quantitative determination of dietary lectin activities employing immobilized glycoproteins was studied. Lectins from wheat germ (WGA), peanut (PNA), and jack bean (ConA) were added to microtiter plates coated with ovalbumin or asialofetuin and quantified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) with lectin-specific antibodies. ELISA responses for lectin activity were dose-dependent in the concentration range 30-1000 ng/mL for WGA and 80-1000 ng/mL for both PNA and ConA. Inhibition assays carried out with different saccharides confirmed that the binding of lectins to immobilized glycoproteins was specific. The proposed method is specific and sensitive, allowing the quantitative determination of lectin activities on raw samples by simple dilution of the extracts. Examples of application to wheat germ and roasted peanut extracts are reported.
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