The luminescence properties of a Pr3+-doped gadolinium gallium garnet (GGG, Gd3Ga5O12) nanocrystalline host were investigated. Dominant blue/green emission was observed emanating from the P-3(0) --> H-3(4) transition after excitation using a wavelength of 457.9 nm. Continuous wave excitation into the D-1(2) level of the Pr3+ ion at 606.9 nm transition produced blue upconversion luminescence spectra, ascribed to emission from the P-3(1) --> H-3(4) and P-3(0) --> H-3(4) transitions. The increase in the decay times of the observed transitions following excitation with 606.9 nm is indicative of the dominance of an energy transfer upconversion (ETU) mechanism relative to excited state absorption (ESA). Furthermore, blue, green and red upconversion emission was observed from the P-3(0), P-3(1) and D-1(2) states following excitation into the (1)G(4) energy level with 980 nm. No change in the decay times of the emitting states was observed following excitation with a wavelength of 980 or 457.9 nm; hence, upconversion was determined to primarily occur through ESA. The luminescence properties of the nanocrystals are compared to a single crystal of GGG:Pr3+ (bulk) with an identical Pr3+ concentration (1%)

Visible upconversion emission of Pr3+ doped gadolinium gallium garnet nanocrystals

SPEGHINI, Adolfo;BETTINELLI, Marco Giovanni
2004-01-01

Abstract

The luminescence properties of a Pr3+-doped gadolinium gallium garnet (GGG, Gd3Ga5O12) nanocrystalline host were investigated. Dominant blue/green emission was observed emanating from the P-3(0) --> H-3(4) transition after excitation using a wavelength of 457.9 nm. Continuous wave excitation into the D-1(2) level of the Pr3+ ion at 606.9 nm transition produced blue upconversion luminescence spectra, ascribed to emission from the P-3(1) --> H-3(4) and P-3(0) --> H-3(4) transitions. The increase in the decay times of the observed transitions following excitation with 606.9 nm is indicative of the dominance of an energy transfer upconversion (ETU) mechanism relative to excited state absorption (ESA). Furthermore, blue, green and red upconversion emission was observed from the P-3(0), P-3(1) and D-1(2) states following excitation into the (1)G(4) energy level with 980 nm. No change in the decay times of the emitting states was observed following excitation with a wavelength of 980 or 457.9 nm; hence, upconversion was determined to primarily occur through ESA. The luminescence properties of the nanocrystals are compared to a single crystal of GGG:Pr3+ (bulk) with an identical Pr3+ concentration (1%)
nanocrystals; praseodymium; gadolinium gallium garnet
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/305221
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