Rare-earth-doped crystals can be attractive materials for quantum information processing, because of the long coherence times that can be expected, in particular, from non-Kramers ions. In this paper, Ho3+-doped yttrium and lutetium vanadate single crystals have been investigated using linear and coherent optical spectroscopy. For Ho3+:YVO4, the crystal-field levels of the I-5(8), F-5, F-5(4) and S-5(2) multiplets have been determined and compared with crystal-field level calculations. This allowed us to unambiguously assign most of the observed transitions, although some results suggest that the site symmetry of the Ho3+ ion could deviate from D-2d. Similar conclusions were reached for Ho3+:LuVO4. Hole burning measurements indicate that the coherence time of the I-5(8)-F-5(5) optical transitions is rather short in both compounds (around 40 ns). Assuming that the coherence is limited by spin interactions, this is accounted for by the high nuclear moment of the nearby vanadium ions, since the large crystal-field level splittings of the I-5(8) and F-5(5) multiplets do not favour a large enhanced nuclear Zeeman effect.

Linear and non-linear spectroscopy of Ho3+-doped YVO4 and LuVO4

BETTINELLI, Marco Giovanni
2005-01-01

Abstract

Rare-earth-doped crystals can be attractive materials for quantum information processing, because of the long coherence times that can be expected, in particular, from non-Kramers ions. In this paper, Ho3+-doped yttrium and lutetium vanadate single crystals have been investigated using linear and coherent optical spectroscopy. For Ho3+:YVO4, the crystal-field levels of the I-5(8), F-5, F-5(4) and S-5(2) multiplets have been determined and compared with crystal-field level calculations. This allowed us to unambiguously assign most of the observed transitions, although some results suggest that the site symmetry of the Ho3+ ion could deviate from D-2d. Similar conclusions were reached for Ho3+:LuVO4. Hole burning measurements indicate that the coherence time of the I-5(8)-F-5(5) optical transitions is rather short in both compounds (around 40 ns). Assuming that the coherence is limited by spin interactions, this is accounted for by the high nuclear moment of the nearby vanadium ions, since the large crystal-field level splittings of the I-5(8) and F-5(5) multiplets do not favour a large enhanced nuclear Zeeman effect.
HYPERFINE-STRUCTURE; ENERGY LEVELS; HO3+
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/305039
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