Airway secretion is maintained by specialized non-ciliated epithelial cells whose phenotype varies with their topographical location. In addition, specialized epithelial cells located in the airway contain the molecular machinery of chemoreceptive elements. Our aim has been to evaluate whether the secretory cells themselves possess a chemoreceptive capability, which requires the simultaneous presence of chemosensory and secretory mechanisms. We performed immunohistochemical analysis with antibodies against the Clara-cell-specific secretory proteins, CC10 and CC26, as secretory markers. As chemoreceptive markers, we employed antibodies against alpha-gustducin and phospholipase C beta 2 (PLCbeta2), two components of the taste transduction pathway. We also attempted to characterize further the secretory cell type by using a marker of chloride secretion, cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator (CFTR). We found alpha-gustducin localized in non-ciliated cells of the epithelium lining the trachea and bronchioles of adult rats, where it was also co-expressed with CC10 and CC26. Ultrastructural immunohistochemistry revealed alpha-gustducin in the apical cytoplasm of secretory cells, concentrated around and inside the granules. CFTR was also observed in a subpopulation of non-ciliated epithelial cells, co-localized with some alpha-gustducin- and PLCbeta2-immunoreactive cells, at all levels of the airway epithelium. We conclude that non-ciliated epithelial cells of the rat airway express components of distinct signaling mechanisms and suggest that secretory events are driven by a molecular mechanism activated by the binding of luminal substances to G-protein-coupled receptors.

Secretory cells of the airway express molecules of the chemoreceptive cascade

OSCULATI, Francesco;SBARBATI, Andrea
2007-01-01

Abstract

Airway secretion is maintained by specialized non-ciliated epithelial cells whose phenotype varies with their topographical location. In addition, specialized epithelial cells located in the airway contain the molecular machinery of chemoreceptive elements. Our aim has been to evaluate whether the secretory cells themselves possess a chemoreceptive capability, which requires the simultaneous presence of chemosensory and secretory mechanisms. We performed immunohistochemical analysis with antibodies against the Clara-cell-specific secretory proteins, CC10 and CC26, as secretory markers. As chemoreceptive markers, we employed antibodies against alpha-gustducin and phospholipase C beta 2 (PLCbeta2), two components of the taste transduction pathway. We also attempted to characterize further the secretory cell type by using a marker of chloride secretion, cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator (CFTR). We found alpha-gustducin localized in non-ciliated cells of the epithelium lining the trachea and bronchioles of adult rats, where it was also co-expressed with CC10 and CC26. Ultrastructural immunohistochemistry revealed alpha-gustducin in the apical cytoplasm of secretory cells, concentrated around and inside the granules. CFTR was also observed in a subpopulation of non-ciliated epithelial cells, co-localized with some alpha-gustducin- and PLCbeta2-immunoreactive cells, at all levels of the airway epithelium. We conclude that non-ciliated epithelial cells of the rat airway express components of distinct signaling mechanisms and suggest that secretory events are driven by a molecular mechanism activated by the binding of luminal substances to G-protein-coupled receptors.
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/304518
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