In vivo distinction between small deposits of brown adipose tissue (BAT) and surrounding tissues may be difficult. In this article, we propose an experimental paradigm, based on techniques of chemical shift magnetic resonance imaging (CSI), which can improve the methods presently available for the study of BAT. Male rats were examined in an imager-spectrometer equipped with a 4.7 T magnet. Proton spectra of isolated BAT deposits showed that both fat and water protons contributed significantly to the genesis of the magnetic resonance signal. An unequivocal definition of BAT deposits was obtained by three (respectively, spin-echo, water-selective, and fat-selective) images. The spin-echo (SE), T1-weighted image provided the best anatomical description of the structures. The images selective for fat-protons displayed the degree of lipid accumulation in each area. The images selective for water-protons provided an internal control of adipose tissue localization. The proposed paradigm allows an unequivocal definition of BAT deposits and appears particularly useful in studies where experimental manipulation (i.e., cold acclimation or drug treatment) produces changes in this tissue.

Chemical shift imaging at 4.7 tesla of brown adipose tissue

SBARBATI, Andrea;MARZOLA, Pasquina;OSCULATI, Francesco
1997

Abstract

In vivo distinction between small deposits of brown adipose tissue (BAT) and surrounding tissues may be difficult. In this article, we propose an experimental paradigm, based on techniques of chemical shift magnetic resonance imaging (CSI), which can improve the methods presently available for the study of BAT. Male rats were examined in an imager-spectrometer equipped with a 4.7 T magnet. Proton spectra of isolated BAT deposits showed that both fat and water protons contributed significantly to the genesis of the magnetic resonance signal. An unequivocal definition of BAT deposits was obtained by three (respectively, spin-echo, water-selective, and fat-selective) images. The spin-echo (SE), T1-weighted image provided the best anatomical description of the structures. The images selective for fat-protons displayed the degree of lipid accumulation in each area. The images selective for water-protons provided an internal control of adipose tissue localization. The proposed paradigm allows an unequivocal definition of BAT deposits and appears particularly useful in studies where experimental manipulation (i.e., cold acclimation or drug treatment) produces changes in this tissue.
Chemical Shift Imaging; Brown Adipose Tissue; MRI
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/304498
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