Variations in the prevalence of respiratory symptoms according to geo-climatic factors could provide important clues to the knowledge of the aetiology of asthma. METHODS: Geo-climatic variations in the prevalence of current asthma, allergic rhinitis and chronic cough, and phlegm were assessed on a random sample of 18 873 subjects (response rate = 72.7%) from different climatic regions of Italy. An ecological analysis, supported by robust statistical methods, was employed to investigate potential trends. RESULTS: The prevalence of all symptoms was significantly heterogeneous throughout the peninsula. Only asthma-like symptoms showed a north-south trend: the prevalence increased at a decreasing latitude [odds ratio (OR) varies from 0.92 to 0.96, P < 0.05], at a decreasing distance from the sea (OR: 0.90-0.93 for 30 km distance, P < 0.05), at higher annual mean temperatures (OR: 1.11-1.14, P < 0.05) and at smaller annual temperature ranges (OR: 0.94-0.95, P < 0.05). Of the geo-climatic variables considered, temperature range had the greatest influence on most asthma-like symptoms. No association was found between geo-climatic variables and allergic rhinitis or chronic cough and phlegm. CONCLUSIONS: Asthma prevalence seems to be significantly affected by climate as asthma-like symptoms were more common in central-southern Italy, with a Mediterranean climate, than in areas with a continental climate (northern Italy).

The role of climate on the geographic variability of asthma, allergic rhinitis and respiratory symptoms: results from the Italian Study of Asthma in Young Adults (ISAYA)

ZANOLIN, Maria Elisabetta;PATTARO, Cristian;FERRARI, Marcello;Olivieri, Mario;VERLATO, Giuseppe;DE MARCO, Roberto
2004

Abstract

Variations in the prevalence of respiratory symptoms according to geo-climatic factors could provide important clues to the knowledge of the aetiology of asthma. METHODS: Geo-climatic variations in the prevalence of current asthma, allergic rhinitis and chronic cough, and phlegm were assessed on a random sample of 18 873 subjects (response rate = 72.7%) from different climatic regions of Italy. An ecological analysis, supported by robust statistical methods, was employed to investigate potential trends. RESULTS: The prevalence of all symptoms was significantly heterogeneous throughout the peninsula. Only asthma-like symptoms showed a north-south trend: the prevalence increased at a decreasing latitude [odds ratio (OR) varies from 0.92 to 0.96, P < 0.05], at a decreasing distance from the sea (OR: 0.90-0.93 for 30 km distance, P < 0.05), at higher annual mean temperatures (OR: 1.11-1.14, P < 0.05) and at smaller annual temperature ranges (OR: 0.94-0.95, P < 0.05). Of the geo-climatic variables considered, temperature range had the greatest influence on most asthma-like symptoms. No association was found between geo-climatic variables and allergic rhinitis or chronic cough and phlegm. CONCLUSIONS: Asthma prevalence seems to be significantly affected by climate as asthma-like symptoms were more common in central-southern Italy, with a Mediterranean climate, than in areas with a continental climate (northern Italy).
The role of climate on the geographic variability of asthma; allergic rhinitis and respiratory symptoms: results from the Italian Study of Asthma in Young Adults (ISAYA)
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: http://hdl.handle.net/11562/304234
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