OBJECTIVE— This population-based study, carried out in the framework of the Ve rona Diabetes Study, investigated mortality from specific causes in known type 2 diabetic patients.RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS— A cohort of 7,148 known type 2 diabetic patients (3,366 men and 3,782 women) was identified on 31 December 1986 and followed up for 5 years (1987–1991). Underlying causes of death were obtained from death cert i ficates and were coded according to the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision. Cause-specific death rates of diabetic subjects were compared with those of the inhabitants of Verona. By 31 December 1991, 1,550 diabetic subjects (744 men and 806 women) had died.RESULTS— The standardized mortality ratio (SMR) for all causes of death was 1.42 (95% CI 1.35–1.50). The highest SMRs were for the following specific causes: diabetes (SMR 4.47[3.91–5.10]), gastrointestinal diseases (1.83 [1.50–2.21])—particularly liver cirrhosis (2.52 [1.96–3.20])—and cardiovascular diseases (1.34 [1.23–1.44]), particularly cerebrovascular (1.48 [1.25–1.73]) and ischemic heart diseases (1.41 [1.24–1.62]). A significantly higher than expected risk of mortality for cardiovascular causes was already present in the first 5 years after diagnosis and decreased with age. Type 2 diabetic patients treated with insulin had a higher risk of dying than those treated orally or by diet.CONCLUSIONS— T h e highest SMRs in the diabetic cohort were for diabetes and liver cirrhosis. The mortality risk for cardiovascular diseases, although significantly higher thanexpected, was much lower in Italian type 2 diabetic patients than that reported for American patients. The evidence of an early effect on mortality suggests that prevention, early diagnosis,and treatment should be improved.

Cause-specific mortality in type 2 diabetes mellitus. The Verona Diabetes Study

DE MARCO, Roberto;LOCATELLI, Francesca;ZOPPINI, Giacomo;VERLATO, Giuseppe;BONORA, Enzo;MUGGEO, Michele
1999

Abstract

OBJECTIVE— This population-based study, carried out in the framework of the Ve rona Diabetes Study, investigated mortality from specific causes in known type 2 diabetic patients.RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS— A cohort of 7,148 known type 2 diabetic patients (3,366 men and 3,782 women) was identified on 31 December 1986 and followed up for 5 years (1987–1991). Underlying causes of death were obtained from death cert i ficates and were coded according to the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision. Cause-specific death rates of diabetic subjects were compared with those of the inhabitants of Verona. By 31 December 1991, 1,550 diabetic subjects (744 men and 806 women) had died.RESULTS— The standardized mortality ratio (SMR) for all causes of death was 1.42 (95% CI 1.35–1.50). The highest SMRs were for the following specific causes: diabetes (SMR 4.47[3.91–5.10]), gastrointestinal diseases (1.83 [1.50–2.21])—particularly liver cirrhosis (2.52 [1.96–3.20])—and cardiovascular diseases (1.34 [1.23–1.44]), particularly cerebrovascular (1.48 [1.25–1.73]) and ischemic heart diseases (1.41 [1.24–1.62]). A significantly higher than expected risk of mortality for cardiovascular causes was already present in the first 5 years after diagnosis and decreased with age. Type 2 diabetic patients treated with insulin had a higher risk of dying than those treated orally or by diet.CONCLUSIONS— T h e highest SMRs in the diabetic cohort were for diabetes and liver cirrhosis. The mortality risk for cardiovascular diseases, although significantly higher thanexpected, was much lower in Italian type 2 diabetic patients than that reported for American patients. The evidence of an early effect on mortality suggests that prevention, early diagnosis,and treatment should be improved.
type 2 diabetes; mortality risk; mortality risk for cardiovascular diseases
File in questo prodotto:
Non ci sono file associati a questo prodotto.

I documenti in IRIS sono protetti da copyright e tutti i diritti sono riservati, salvo diversa indicazione.

Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/304169
Citazioni
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.pmc??? 86
  • Scopus 335
  • ???jsp.display-item.citation.isi??? 285
social impact