Heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor (HB-EGF) is a widely expressed EGF superfamily member that induces mitogenic and/or chemotactic activities toward different cell types through binding to EGF receptors 1 or 4. Membrane-bound HB-EGF exerts growth activity and adhesion capabilities and possesses the unique property of being the receptor for diphtheria toxin (DT). Using molecular and functional techniques, we show that human polymorphonuclear granulocytes (PMN), which did not express HB-EGF in resting conditions, expressed it at mRNA and protein level, following incubation with granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF). Other classic agonists for PMN (including lipopolysaccharide, phagocytable particles, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, or G-CSF) failed to induce HB-EGF. The effects of GM-CSF on HB-EGF mRNA levels were concentration-dependent, reached a plateau after 1 to 2 hours of stimulation, and did not require protein synthesis. After GM-CSF treatment, membrane-bound HB-EGF was detected by flow cytometry. At the same time, PMN acquired sensitivity to the apoptosis-promoting effect of DT, which, moreover, specifically suppressed the GM-CSF-induced priming of formyl-methionyl-leucyl-phenylalanine-stimulated superoxide anion release. Finally, soluble HB-EGF was detected in the PMN culture medium by a specific enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Thus, we provide evidence that HB-EGF is specifically inducible by GM-CSF in PMN and represents a novel peptide to be included in the repertoire of PMN-derived cytokines.
|Titolo:||Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor induces expression of heparin-binding epidermal growth factor-like growth factor/diphtheria toxin receptor and sensitivity to diphtheria toxin in human neutrophils|
|Data di pubblicazione:||1999|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|