Object. The authors conducted a study to evaluate the long-term outcomes and prognostic factors for survival in a large series of patients treated by gamma knife surgery (GKS) for non—small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) brain metastases. Methods. The study is based on the retrospective analysis of clinical and radiological records obtained during a 10-year period (1993–2003), concerning 836 lesions in 504 patients. The lesions were primary in 86% and recurrent 14% of the cases; they were solitary in 31%, single in 29%, and multiple in 40%. The mean follow-up period was 16 months (range 4–113 months). The most common histological types were adenocarcinoma (51%) and squamous cell carcinoma (27%). Dose planning parameters were as follows: mean target volume 6.2 cm3 (range 0.06–22.5 cm3); mean prescription dose 21.4 Gy (range 15.5–28 Gy); and mean number of isocenters 6.7 (range one–18). Progression-free and actuarial survival curves were calculated using the Kaplan—Meier method. The main factors affecting survival were determined by unimultivariate analysis (log-rank test and Cox proportional hazard models). Analysis of long-term outcomes seemed to confirm that GKS is a primary therapeutic option in these patients. The 1-year local tumor control rate was 94%. The overall median survival was 14.5 months, with extremely rewarding quality of life indices. The recursive partitioning analysis classification was the dominant prognostic factor. Conclusions. Gamma knife surgery is a useful treatment for brain metastases from NSCLC.
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