The calcium-binding protein calbindin-D (28 kD) has been analysed immunohistochemically in different human lymphoid tissues. Combined immunohistochemical staining showed that calbindin-D (28 kD) is expressed by only a proportion of dendritic cells within the light zone of germinal centres, where antigens in the form of immune complexes are trapped and presented to B lymphocytes. All other cell types including macrophages, interdigitating cells, and various lymphocyte populations were negative. The expression of calbindin-D in this functionally relevant subset of follicular dendritic cells could have a role in the regulation of proliferation and selection of memory B-cells by modulating the concentration of calcium ions. Calbindin-D may be a useful marker for analysing in situ the phases of follicular development in different physiological and pathological conditions.
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