An immune-mediated reaction to pancreatic structures has been postulated for the pathogenesis of chronic pancreatitis (CP). Several reports demonstrate the presence of antibodies to the pancreatic ductal epithelium in some patients suffering from CP. Serum antibodies to carbonic anhydrase I (anti-CA I) and II (anti-CA II) are present in patients affected by idiopathic CP. The aim of this study was to evaluate the presence of anti-CA I and anti-CA II in a series of patients with CP. We studied 78 consecutive CP patients (62 male, 16 female; mean age 48.6 ± 10.2 years) referred to the Verona University Center for the Study of the Pancreas. As a control group, we studied 26 healthy, subjects recruited from among the medical and nursing staff of the center. Serum anti:CA I and anti-CA II levels were quantified by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay using a standard method with minor modifications. The mean absorbance of antibodies was higher in CP patients than in control subjects (anti-CA I: 0.064 ± 0.042 vs. 0.047 ± 0.015, p = 0.051; and anti-CA II: 0.038 ± 0.02 vs. 0.029 ± 0.014, p = 01033). Positive results were arbitrarily defined as absorbance values >0.067 for anti-CA I and 0.047 for anti-CA II. We found anti-CA I and anti-CA II positivity in 21 of 78 (27%) and 20 of 78 (26%) of CP patients, respectively, and in only two of 26 control subjects (7.7%) (p = 0.032 and 0.039). Twenty-two of 26 subjects in the control group (84.6%) and 48 of 78 patients (61.5%) in the CP group tested negative for both antibodies (p = 0.03). None of the control subjects and 12 of 78 (16.6%) of the CP patients tested positive for both anti-CA I and anti-CA II. We observed a significant correlation between anti- CA I and anti-CA II serum levels in control subjects (R = 0.423; p = 0.016) and in CP patients (R)= 0.584; p < 0.0001). No correlation was found between serum antibody levels and any of the following variables: length of disease, alcohol consumption, smoking habits, pancreatic surgery, pancreatic calcifications, diabetes, and steatorrhea. Serum levels of anti-CA I and anti-CA II are elevated in some patients suffering from CP.
|Titolo:||Elevated serum levels of antibodies to carbonic anhydrase I and II in patients suffering from chronic pancreatitis.|
|Data di pubblicazione:||2000|
|Appare nelle tipologie:||01.01 Articolo in Rivista|