PURPOSE: To assess magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in depicting the depth of myometrial infiltration, cervical invasion, and presence of enlarged lymph nodes in patients with endometrial adenocarcinoma compared with surgicopathologic findings. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-seven consecutive patients with endometrial carcinoma were included in this prospective study. All patients underwent MR imaging and surgery. Qualitative image analysis included the depth of myometrial infiltration, infiltration of the uterine cervix, and presence of enlarged lymph nodes. Quantitative image analysis included tumor and myometrium contrast-to-noise ratios during different phases of dynamic imaging. MR imaging findings were compared with surgicopathologic findings. Sensitivity, specificity, diagnostic accuracy, and positive and negative predictive values of MR imaging in depicting myometrial and cervical infiltration and in lymph node assessment were calculated. RESULTS: Respective sensitivity, specificity, diagnostic accuracy, and positive and negative predictive values in assessing myometrial infiltration were 87%, 91%, 89%, 87%, and 91%; those for cervical infiltration, 80%, 96%, 92%, 89%, and 93%; and those for lymph node assessment, 50%, 95%, 90%, 50%, and 95%. There was significant agreement between MR imaging and surgicopathologic findings in assessment of myometrial invasion (P <.001). Myometrial and cervical invasion and lymph node enlargement were correctly assessed with MR imaging in 28 (76%) of 37 patients. Quantitative analysis showed a significant improvement in tumor and myometrium contrast-to-noise ratios during the equilibrium phase compared with the arterial and precontrast phases (P <.001). CONCLUSION: MR imaging coupled with contrast material-enhanced dynamic MR imaging is highly accurate in local-regional staging of endometrial carcinoma; more challenging is the assessment of pelvic and lumboaortic lymph nodes.
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