The aim of the present study was to verify the analytical performances of high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography (MEKC) for the separation and qualitative determination of a selected group of organic components of smokeless gunpowders. The HPLC method was based on a gradient reversed-phase elution with a mobile phase composed of 0.17 M H3PO4/methanol; detection was performed by UV absorption at the wavelengths of 220, 254, and 270 nm. The MEKC experiments were carried out by using uncoated fused-silica capillaries (50 μm inside diameter, 50 cm effective length) and a running buffer composed of 10 mM sodium tetraborate at pH 9.24 added with 25 mM sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS); the applied voltage was 25 kV; detection was either at a fixed wavelength UV of 214 nm or with a diode-array detector operating in the wavelength range from 190 to 350 nm. Both reversed-phase HPLC and MEKC techniques succeeded in resolving the tested standard mixtures of organic components of smokeless powders. Although the sequence of elution of the different analytes was slightly different between HPLC and MEKC, a statistical analysis based on the Spearman's rank correlation test showed that the two separation patterns were highly correlated. HPLC and MEKC were comparable in terms of elution/migration time precision, whereas MEKC showed higher reproducibility of peak areas. The interfacing of capillary electrophoresis with diode array UV detection provided distinct UV spectra of the individual analytes, thus improving, on the detection side, the analytical selectivity and identification power of capillary electrophoresis.

Analysis of organic components of smokeless gunpowders: High –performance liquid chromatography vs. micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography.

TRETTENE, Maristella;BORTOLOTTI, Federica;TAGLIARO, Franco
2004

Abstract

The aim of the present study was to verify the analytical performances of high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography (MEKC) for the separation and qualitative determination of a selected group of organic components of smokeless gunpowders. The HPLC method was based on a gradient reversed-phase elution with a mobile phase composed of 0.17 M H3PO4/methanol; detection was performed by UV absorption at the wavelengths of 220, 254, and 270 nm. The MEKC experiments were carried out by using uncoated fused-silica capillaries (50 μm inside diameter, 50 cm effective length) and a running buffer composed of 10 mM sodium tetraborate at pH 9.24 added with 25 mM sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS); the applied voltage was 25 kV; detection was either at a fixed wavelength UV of 214 nm or with a diode-array detector operating in the wavelength range from 190 to 350 nm. Both reversed-phase HPLC and MEKC techniques succeeded in resolving the tested standard mixtures of organic components of smokeless powders. Although the sequence of elution of the different analytes was slightly different between HPLC and MEKC, a statistical analysis based on the Spearman's rank correlation test showed that the two separation patterns were highly correlated. HPLC and MEKC were comparable in terms of elution/migration time precision, whereas MEKC showed higher reproducibility of peak areas. The interfacing of capillary electrophoresis with diode array UV detection provided distinct UV spectra of the individual analytes, thus improving, on the detection side, the analytical selectivity and identification power of capillary electrophoresis.
Gunshot residues; High-performance liquid chromatography; Micellar electrokinetic capillary chromatography; Organic explosives
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/302314
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