Background: Genome and chromosome screens reported DNA markers on chromosome 14 linked to allergic asthma or intermediate phenotypes in several populations. Objective: We sought to perform a linkage study on chromosome 14 and a further association study on candidate genes mapped in the region found to be linked to allergic asthma or intermediate phenotypes. Methods: The study consisted of a sample of 189 families (847 genotyped individuals) from a restricted geographic area in northeastern Italy. The subjects were characterized for the following phenotypes: allergic asthma, total serum IgE levels. skin prick test responses, and bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) to methacholine. Genotyping was done with 14 DNA markers and 4 polymorphisms in the genes encoding alpha (1)-antitrypsin and alpha (1)-antichymotrypsin (ACT). Results: Multipoint analysis indicated a potential linkage of BHR with marker D14S617 (nonparametric linkage z score = 2.32, P = .01). Transmission disequilibrium of Thr -15Ala in the gene encoding ACT was observed with all the phenotypes investigated: allergic asthma, BHR. total IgE levels, or skin prick test responses (P = .041,.02,.0053, or .026, respectively). Conclusion: Chromosome 14 screening and transmission disequilibrium testing on the gene encoding ACT suggest that it or a closely located gene may be involved in susceptibility to allergic asthma in the Italian population.

Chromosome 14 linkage analysis and mutation study of two serpin genes in allergic asthmatic families

MALERBA, Giovanni;PATUZZO, Cristina;TRABETTI, Elisabetta;GALAVOTTI, Roberta;BONER, Attilio;PIGNATTI, Pierfranco
2001

Abstract

Background: Genome and chromosome screens reported DNA markers on chromosome 14 linked to allergic asthma or intermediate phenotypes in several populations. Objective: We sought to perform a linkage study on chromosome 14 and a further association study on candidate genes mapped in the region found to be linked to allergic asthma or intermediate phenotypes. Methods: The study consisted of a sample of 189 families (847 genotyped individuals) from a restricted geographic area in northeastern Italy. The subjects were characterized for the following phenotypes: allergic asthma, total serum IgE levels. skin prick test responses, and bronchial hyperresponsiveness (BHR) to methacholine. Genotyping was done with 14 DNA markers and 4 polymorphisms in the genes encoding alpha (1)-antitrypsin and alpha (1)-antichymotrypsin (ACT). Results: Multipoint analysis indicated a potential linkage of BHR with marker D14S617 (nonparametric linkage z score = 2.32, P = .01). Transmission disequilibrium of Thr -15Ala in the gene encoding ACT was observed with all the phenotypes investigated: allergic asthma, BHR. total IgE levels, or skin prick test responses (P = .041,.02,.0053, or .026, respectively). Conclusion: Chromosome 14 screening and transmission disequilibrium testing on the gene encoding ACT suggest that it or a closely located gene may be involved in susceptibility to allergic asthma in the Italian population.
a(1)-antichymotrypsin; alpha(1)-antitrypsin; allergic asthma; bronchial hyperresponsiveness; transmission disequilibrium test; chromosome 14; linkage; association
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/301620
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