The aim of this work was to perform genetic analysis on 18 different blood-spot samples collected from neonates detected as hyperphenylalaninemic by Northeastern Italian screening program. DNA was extracted from blood-spots. Exons/introns of PAH gene were amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and PCR products were purified and sequenced with both forward and reverse primers. The most frequent mutations were IVS12nt1g>a (16.7%) and R408W, P281L and L48S (all together 11.1%). As expected, compound heterozygosity was the usual finding; homozygosity was found only in two patients with R158Q and IVS2nt5g>c mutations. The V230I mutation was reported for the first time in Italy. We found six previously described polymorphisms (V245V, IVS4nt47c>t, IVS2nt19t>c, IVS3nt-22c>t, IVS5nt-54a>g, and E280>Q280). To our knowledge, four genotypes were not previously described: R158Q/V230I present in one patient with classical PKU; and L48S/R408Q, A403V/IVS2nt-13t>g, and G272X/V230I present in patients showing HPA phenotype. Most of the mutations were located in the exons 12 and 7 and in exon/intron 2 (83.3% detection of total mutations in PKU or HPA patients of Northeastern Italy). From a practical viewpoint, the genetic analysis of blood-spots collected on Guthrie cards for neonatal screening for PKU could be a simple method to establish the genotype of neonates. Consequently, the genotype/phenotype correlation could lead to a more accurate diagnosis and prognosis for families.

Genetic analysis carried out on blood-spots of phenylalanine hydroxylase-deficient newborns detected by northeastern italian neonatal screening

ZAFFANELLO, Marco;ZAMBONI, Giorgio;GANDINI, Alberto;CAMILOT, Marta;MAFFEIS, Claudio;TATO', Luciano
2005-01-01

Abstract

The aim of this work was to perform genetic analysis on 18 different blood-spot samples collected from neonates detected as hyperphenylalaninemic by Northeastern Italian screening program. DNA was extracted from blood-spots. Exons/introns of PAH gene were amplified by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and PCR products were purified and sequenced with both forward and reverse primers. The most frequent mutations were IVS12nt1g>a (16.7%) and R408W, P281L and L48S (all together 11.1%). As expected, compound heterozygosity was the usual finding; homozygosity was found only in two patients with R158Q and IVS2nt5g>c mutations. The V230I mutation was reported for the first time in Italy. We found six previously described polymorphisms (V245V, IVS4nt47c>t, IVS2nt19t>c, IVS3nt-22c>t, IVS5nt-54a>g, and E280>Q280). To our knowledge, four genotypes were not previously described: R158Q/V230I present in one patient with classical PKU; and L48S/R408Q, A403V/IVS2nt-13t>g, and G272X/V230I present in patients showing HPA phenotype. Most of the mutations were located in the exons 12 and 7 and in exon/intron 2 (83.3% detection of total mutations in PKU or HPA patients of Northeastern Italy). From a practical viewpoint, the genetic analysis of blood-spots collected on Guthrie cards for neonatal screening for PKU could be a simple method to establish the genotype of neonates. Consequently, the genotype/phenotype correlation could lead to a more accurate diagnosis and prognosis for families.
newborn; screening; phenylalanine; inborn error of metabolism
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Utilizza questo identificativo per citare o creare un link a questo documento: https://hdl.handle.net/11562/27178
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